Unit 1: Families and Households - Couples

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The Domestic Division of Labour: Parsons
Expressive and instrumental roles. Based on biological Differences. Women naturally suited to the caring role. Feminists reject this idea.
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The Domestic Division of Labour: Conjugal Roles
Segregated, where the couple have separate friends/activities/don't share tasks. Joint where couples share activities/housework/childcare.
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The Domestic Division of Labour: Young and Willmott
Studied traditional working class families. Found that men were breadwinners and spent leasure time away from home with work mates/
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The Domestic Division of Labour: The Symmetrical Family
Women now work, men help with housework and couples spend their leisure time together
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The Domestic Division of Labour: The Symmetrical Family
Due to, changes in women's position, Geographical mobility, New Technology and Higher standards of living.
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The Domestic Division of Labour: Feminist View - Oakley
Young and Willmott's claims exaggerated. 15% of husbands high level of housework 25% high level of childcare.
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The Impact of Paid Work: Gershuny
Working full time leads to a more equal household. Wives who worked full time did 73% of housework compared to 83% of unemployed wives.
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The Impact of Paid Work: Commercialisation
Goods and services reduce the amount of housework required. Women who work can afford these.
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The Impact of Paid Work: The Dual Burden
Women who work still have a housewife/domestic role which is unpaid. Hard to afford childcare.
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The Impact of Paid Work: Ferri and Smith
Found that fewer than 4% of men took the main responsibility of childcare.
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The Impact of Paid Work: Emotion Work
'Labour of Love' Women care for other family members. Women suited to roles such as nurses because of these emotional resources and control. Also unpaid.
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The Impact of Paid Work: Lesbian Couples and Gender Scripts
Gender scripts set out the roles hetro couples are expected to play. Lesbian couples share housework and childcare equally and give equal importance to both careers. Hetros under pressure to conform to gender roles.
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Resources and Decision Making: Hardi
Studied 30 dual-carer professionals. Important decisions taken by the man alone or jointly. Man's career usually took priority.
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Resources and Decision Making: Barrett and Mclntosh
Men gain more from women's domestic work. Financial support from husbands often unpredictable. Men make financial decisions.
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Resources and Decision Making: Pooling
Where both partners have access to income - from 19%-50%.
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Resources and Decision Making: Allowance System
Where the male gives the women an allowance of his income - 36%-12%.
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Domestic Violence:
Physical, Sexual or Psychological abuse between those in a family relationship.
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Domestic Violence: Victims
1/4 women are assaulted by their partners. Most victims are working class and live in rented accommodation.
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Domestic Violence: Statistics
6.6 million domestic assaults a year half of which are physical.
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Domestic Violence: Radical Feminists
Feature of patriarchal society shows the power men have over women still/
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Domestic Violence: Wilkinson
Inequalities such as housing, finance and resources can cause arguments and stress within families.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Segregated, where the couple have separate friends/activities/don't share tasks. Joint where couples share activities/housework/childcare.

Back

The Domestic Division of Labour: Conjugal Roles

Card 3

Front

Studied traditional working class families. Found that men were breadwinners and spent leasure time away from home with work mates/

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Women now work, men help with housework and couples spend their leisure time together

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Due to, changes in women's position, Geographical mobility, New Technology and Higher standards of living.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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