unit 1

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nucleoid
region where the cells DNA is located and is involved in the reproduction of the bacterial cell by mitosis/binary fission
1 of 10
Plasmid
additional rings of DNA that can be exchanged with other bacteria (is important for genetic engineering) not involved in reproduction.
2 of 10
Ribosomes
for protein synthesis and are smaller than the ones in eukaryotes
3 of 10
Storage Granules
not a set number present. They have them so when there is competition it helps them survive.Can store starch, fat, sulphur or phosphate.
4 of 10
Endospores
resistant to environment.
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Capsule
outermost layer. the 3rd protective layer.Is a layer of polysaccharide to stop it drying out and helps it adhere.It can serve as a barrier against phagocytosis by white blood cells.
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Cell walls
peptidoglycan (polysaccharide + protein) maintains the bacteria shape
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Plasma Membrane
lipid bilayer with numerous proteins(enzymes) responsible for the transmittions of ions, nutrients and waste across the membrane
8 of 10
pili
helps the cell adhere to surfaces also used to exchange plasmids with other bacteria
9 of 10
Flagella
locomotion (used for movement of cells)
10 of 10

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

additional rings of DNA that can be exchanged with other bacteria (is important for genetic engineering) not involved in reproduction.

Back

Plasmid

Card 3

Front

for protein synthesis and are smaller than the ones in eukaryotes

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

not a set number present. They have them so when there is competition it helps them survive.Can store starch, fat, sulphur or phosphate.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

resistant to environment.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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