unit one case studies and examples

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  • Created by: Jaylea
  • Created on: 16-05-16 20:52
give an example how urbanisaton effects vulnerability
mexico city earthquake 1985 desroyed slums
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give an example how political change effects vulnerability
hati as between governemts in 2004 during hurrican jeanne
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give an example how conomic growth effects vulnerability
texas and the atlantic coast at risk to urricane damage, e.g flooding at the bridges connecting barrier islands
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give an example how technological innovationeffects vulnerability
the new orleans river controll banks werent stong enough to cope with hurricane katrina
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give an example how climate change effects vulnerability
el nino 1989 and 1977 worl wide effects, european floods 1999-2000 and draughts 2003&6
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give an example how population change effects vulnerability
greying population in japan, uk and usa
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give an example how land use effects vulnerability
85% bangladesh lives on a floodplain
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give an eample of disaster prepardness
road signs, education and drills
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give an eample of disaster reponce
(immidiatly)- repaire infrastucture, evacuation,emergency services
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give an eample of disaster recovery
(long term) mental health, helping buiness owners, insurance
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give an eample of disaster mitigation
gas shut off valve
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give an eample of development
japan helps africa
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give an eample of adapatation
japans quick start fund
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why is california at risk to earthquakes
occur along the ‘swarm’ of faults running north-south along the coast,located on the san andreas fault line
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on what type of plate margin does california sit on
conservative
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in calfornia where are volcanoes potentially active
cascads range
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name another geophysical hazards california is at risk of
tsunamis-the coastline can be at risk due to deep sea eathquakes
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give an example of a earthquake that occured in cafornia
1994 northridge earthquake killed 2 and cost $2 billlion
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give an example of a tsunami that occured in californa
1964 alaskian tsunami 9.2 magnitude, 119 killed, $300-400 million
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why is california at risk to wild fires
hot air is driven my santa ana winds
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name a wild fire that happend in california
2007 NAPA COUNTY WILDFIRE: 3800 acres burnt, 2 houses and 7 building destroyed including a school
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name a flood that occured in california
Sacrmento river valley floods1995: over 20 peope died, cost $2 billion
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name another hydrometeorlogical disaster that occured in california
HURRICANE KARTINA 2005: 1836 deaths, $81.2 billion losses
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what percantage of california lives on a floodplain
6%
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why has calirfornia got a high capacity to cope
FEMA,USGS-advises on earthquakes, Building codes are strictly enforced, •Numerous preparedness systems are in place, from widespread education, to advice on household emergency kits, and warning systems for floods and tsunamis
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what type of plate boundry is the philippies situated on
destructive
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how does philippines location influence its risk to volcanic erruptions
located on the pacifc ring of fire
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what percentage of the population is at risk of earthquakes
100%
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what can this cause
landslides
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what reduces it risk of tsunamis
its scatterd islands
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name a earthquake in the philippines
LUZON EARTHQUAKE 1990: 7.2 magnitude, $369 cost, 2412 deaths, 126035 homeless, 321 missing
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name a volcanoe that happend in the philippines
1991 MT PINATUBO VOLCANO : major pyroclastic eruption with associated lahars and ash/tephra fall; successful evacuation limited the death toll to around 600 although economic losses were extensive
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why is the philipines a risk of typhoons
Sits on a typhoon track, and experiences around 20 per year (typically 2 of these are super-typhoons)
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why is the pilippines at risk of draught
caused by El Nino events effecting poorer south.
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what percentage of the philippines is at risk of floods
30%
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state some facts about typhoon hiyan
6340 deaths, 1061, $2.26 billion losses
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state some reasons why the philippines is vulnerable
high population density, 7100 islands make it difficult to deliver aid to, povery and human development is variable, on a tropical typhoon belt and has warm ocean temperatures
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why does the philippines have a variable capacity to cope
Cyclones cost the country around 0.5% of its GCP every year, basic protecton along a 32000 km coastline, good relationship with the USA, PHVOLICS
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how much has the worlds temperature increased since 1900 and 2000
0.74 c
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how much did global sea levels rise per year in 1961-1933 then to 2003
1.8mm, 3.1mm
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melting of greenland icesheet has increased by ?%
16
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the artic sea ice is declining by ?% per year
8.5
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what do oxygen isotope levels show
200000 years ago the ice sheets were at thier maximum this means that the sea levels are much lower in glacial periods as mmore water i locked up as ice
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what are the CO2 levels during a ice age and an interglacial period
180ppm and 280ppm
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name direct impacts of climate change
the uks annual rainfall is expected to increase by 5% in 2020s and by 10% by the 2050s, the uk could experience a 200km shift northwards,up to 40% permafrost expected to thaw in siberia,the contrast in the uks weather is expected to get worse
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name indirect impacts of climate change
5.8C temerature increase suggest that 100 million people will be at risk to flooding,Food insecurity will dedline due to the higher risk of draught eg african where 75% population are subsistance farmers,melting of ice will raise the sea levels by 7m
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name enviromental impacts to artic
Tundra ecosystems are being lost, 40% permafrost expected to thaw, changs to marin ecosystems, chnages in migration routes for raindee and carabu,Tree line has moved northwards and also to higher
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name social/economic impacts in artic
threatens to 155 000 Inuit, 24 villages in Alaska are now threatened by flooding,70% of Inuit income is from paid employment or hunting decline in caribu and fish effect this, thin sea ice can collapse making fishing dangerous
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benifits to climate change in the artic
shortened trade routes and more tourism,30% of Inuit income, in these areas, now comes from sculpture and print making specifically made for the tourist trade
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effects of climate change in africa
20% of species could face extinction, sea level rises of 25cm predicted by 2050 70% of the population are subsistence farmers and if they are unable to feed themselves,7.2million people will be at risk of malaria,
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problems and solutions in LA
TRANSPORT/ URBAN SPRAWL: noise barriers, clean air act, car poolingAIR QUALITY: 1130 tonnes of noxios gass was being created- clean air actWATER: high population was putting a strain on the water supply- seal canals to reduce the loss, new reservois
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facts about curritibas intergrated bus systems
bus only lanes, 1 fair anywhere, travel time is halved, only 10% of income is spent on travell to worl, 75% workers catch the bus, buses carry up to 4000 people per day
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facts about cyitibas parks and green spaces
river banks made into parks, deivert water, old factories are made into sporting facilies, 26 new parks
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give an example how political change effects vulnerability

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hati as between governemts in 2004 during hurrican jeanne

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give an example how conomic growth effects vulnerability

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give an example how technological innovationeffects vulnerability

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give an example how climate change effects vulnerability

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