Unit 5 Normans.

  • Created by: cieran_10
  • Created on: 15-09-18 01:18
Where is Old Sarum?
3km to the north of modern Sailsbury.
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When did William choose the site of Old Sarum and why?
In 1070, as it was an old Iron Age Hill Fort.
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What two things gave Old Sarum protection?
The motte and the bailey.
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Where, in Old Sarum, was the motte built?
In the centre.
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After what year and where was Sailsbury Cathedral?
After 1075 and in the bailey.
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What did Old Sarum become for the Normans and William?
A great Norman power house.
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When did William organise an open-air gathering at Old Sarum and how many years after the Battle of Hastings was this?
For the summer of 1086 and this was 20 years after the battle.
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What six types of Norman noble gathered at Old Sarum during 1086?
Archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls, barons and knights.
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What is the estimated number of men that gathered at Old Sarum?
Thousands of men.
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What two rituals took place on the 1st of August 1086?
The oaths of William's men and then the presenting of the Domesday Book.
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What did each of the nobles have to do in front of William at Old Sarum?
They would have knelt in front of William and then swore an oath to him.
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How many parchment documents was William presented with at Old Sarum and what did these contain? What was it known as?
7, containing the largest survey ever in England. This was the Domesday Book.
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Why did William organise the gatherings at Old Sarum?
This was to reinforce his power over the English people and his loyalty to them and their loyalty to him and their undisputed ruler.
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What did the events at Old Sarum show the English people about William's claim to the throne?
That it was legitimate and that he was the rightful ruler of England.
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What age was William in 1086 and what was his health like? What did he continued to do?
He was in his late fifties and his kingly diet of eating took much meat had made him very fat. However, he continued to take part in military campaigns.
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When did the Normans set fire to the French town of Mantes?
in the summer of 1087.
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What happened to William's horse during the Norman attack on Mantes? What did this lead to?
His horse bucked and he was thrown violently onto the hard pommel of the front of his saddle. This lead to internal bleeding and death.
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When did William die?
On Thursday the 9th of September 1087.
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In 1086, what was the population of England? How many of these were Norman?
2 million. 20,000 were Norman.
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How many tenants-in-chief were there in England and how many of these were Saxon?
180 and 4 were Saxon.
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What percentage of land in England did the king hold?
25%.
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What percentage of land in England did the church hold?
25%.
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What percentage of land in England did the Norman secular lords?
50%.
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What percentage of land in England did the Saxons hold?
5%.
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To who did the Normans pass thier land on to?
Thier eldest son.
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What percentage of the English population worked in agriculture?
90%.
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After the Harrying of the North, by how much did the population of York fall?
To a 1/4 of what it had been in 1066.
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In terms of farming what continued through the conquest?
Growing vegetables and corn and ploughing at the end of winter.
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By what percentage did the number of thralls in England fall to, due to the conquest?
By 25%.
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By what percentage increase did Norman lords increase thier land income?
By 30%.
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By what percentage increase did Alan Rufus increase his land income?
40%.
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Name two things that the English people were forbidden to do after the conquest in some places?
Fish in the Lord's river and collect wood from the Lord's forest.
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What percentage of the English population lived in towns?
10%.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When did William choose the site of Old Sarum and why?

Back

In 1070, as it was an old Iron Age Hill Fort.

Card 3

Front

What two things gave Old Sarum protection?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Where, in Old Sarum, was the motte built?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

After what year and where was Sailsbury Cathedral?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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