Unit 4 Tectonic Report: Tsunami Case Studies

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When was the Asian Tsunami?
Boxing Day 2004
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How was the Asian Tsunami caused?
An earthquake cause be a convergent plate boundary, the Indian plate is being subducted beneath the Burma plate
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Describe the characteristics of the tsunami.
The earthquake caused a rupture of 1,200km long and caused the seabed to uplift by 20m
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How long after the earthquake did the tsunami occur?
Within 30 mins & it travelled at speeds up to 800km
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What height did the wave reach?
Started at approx. 1m and then reached heights of 15
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Name 4 sources used for this case study.
cia.gov, coolgeography.co.uk, bbc.co.uk/schools and slideshare.net
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What is the GDP per capita , life expectancy and population of Indonesia?
$3,400, 249 million and 70 yrs
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What social impacts of the tsunami were there?
283,000 dies, spread of cholera and other diseases, 500,000 left homeless in Sumatra, 1,000 killed from a train being de-railed in Sri Lanka
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What economic impacts were there of the tsunami?
Areas hit were very reliant on tourism e.g. Maldives had to rebuild their industry- suffered a loss to the economy
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When was the Chilean Tsunami?
2010
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How was the Chilean Tsunami caused?
Convergent plate boundary, the Nazca plate was subducted beneath the South American plate- caused an earthquake of 8.8 magnitude
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Describe the characteristics of the tsunami.
Epicentre was only 22 miles below the earth's surface- 15m high
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What is the HDI, GDP per capita, life expectancy and population of Chile
0.85, £15,700, 82yrs and 12.4 million
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What were the social impacts of the tsunami?
370,000 houses destroyed/damaged, 525 died, 25 missing, 971 miles of road damaged and 79 hospitals
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What were the economic impacts of the tsunami?
$29.7 billion in repairs and destroyed the south port Talcahuano
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Card 2

Front

How was the Asian Tsunami caused?

Back

An earthquake cause be a convergent plate boundary, the Indian plate is being subducted beneath the Burma plate

Card 3

Front

Describe the characteristics of the tsunami.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How long after the earthquake did the tsunami occur?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What height did the wave reach?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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