Unit 3A - Pressure Groups

  • Created by: Lilygrant
  • Created on: 04-05-17 21:57
Elitism
A theory which suggests that political power in society rests with a small group who gain power through family status, wealth or intellectual superiority. Suggested by C Wright Mills.
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Pluralism
A theory which suggests political power does not rest simply with the electorate or the government, but is distributed amongst a number of groups representing widely differing interests within society. Suggested by Robert Dahl.
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Pressure Group
An organised interest group were members have similar beliefs and actively pursue ways to influence government.
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Political Action Committee
Financial arm of the pressure group that collects money from their members then give it to candidates and political parties that support their interests.
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Lobbying
An attempt to exert influence on the policy-making, legislative or judicial branch of government by individuals or an organised group.
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Revolving Door Syndrome
The practice by which former members of Congress take up well paid jobs within Washington based lobbying firms (K street corridor) and then use their expertise and contacts the lobby the institution that they were once a member of
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Iron Triangle
A term used to describe the strong relationship between pressure groups, congressional committees and government agencies, Extremely difficult to penetrate, as it is a mutually beneficial relationship
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Direct Action
Outsider groups with little to no access to decision makers use direct action to influence them indirectly, such as gaining media attention. It can take extreme forms, such as shooting a doctor carrying out abortion which reflects this weakness.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A theory which suggests political power does not rest simply with the electorate or the government, but is distributed amongst a number of groups representing widely differing interests within society. Suggested by Robert Dahl.

Back

Pluralism

Card 3

Front

An organised interest group were members have similar beliefs and actively pursue ways to influence government.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Financial arm of the pressure group that collects money from their members then give it to candidates and political parties that support their interests.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

An attempt to exert influence on the policy-making, legislative or judicial branch of government by individuals or an organised group.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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