Unit 2: Working in Health and Social Care

General Practitioner
A doctor who does not specialise in a specific branch of medicine but provides ongoing treatment and preventative care in the community for a variety of medical problems that may be experienced by individuals of all ages
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Preventative care
Care and education that aims to ensure people remain healthy, and are aware of factors that can lead to illness and poor health. It includes screening and vaccination programmes
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Consultant
A senior doctor, normally based in a hospital, who provides specialist expert healthcare support in their area of expertise
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Nurse practitioner
Provides expert consultancy service to patients and their carers. They contribute to the management and development of the care provision. They also undertake research and contribute to the education and training of other member of staff
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Health screening
The process of checking for the presence of disease in individuals who have no signs or symptoms of the illness
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Antenatal care
Care provided for a mother and her baby before the birth of the baby
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Postnatal care
Care provided for a mother and her baby after the birth of the baby
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Supported housing
Shelter, support and care provided for vulnerable people, to help them live as independently as possible in the community
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Policies
Detailed descriptions of the approach, and often specific procedures that should be followed, in caring for clients
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Procedures
Written instructions that outline the expected and required routines that care staff must follow in specific situations
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Safeguarding
Policies to ensure that children and vulnerable adults are protected from harm, abuse and neglect and that their health and wellbeing is promoted
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Self-help groups
Groups formed by people who share a common issue that they wish to address. The members provide advice, support and care for each other.
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Complementary therapies
A wide range of treatments designed to treat the whole person rather than the symptoms of their disease
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Conventional medical treatment
Aka orthodox treatment. A system of treating an individuals symptoms and diseases by using drugs, radiation, or surgery administered by medical doctors and other healthcare professionals
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Rehabilitation
The process of restoring a person to good health following surgery, an accident or other illness, including recovery from addiction
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Psychotherapy
Type of therapy used to treat emotional and mental health conditions, usually by talking to a trained therapist one-to-one or in a group
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Assistive technology
Any tool or strategy used to help people with disabilities complete their studies successfully and reach their full potential
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Domiciliary care
Care provided in the service user's own home. This may include district nurses, home care workers and health visitors
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Halal
An arabic term meaning permissible or allowed.
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Kosher
Suitable
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Informal care
Care and support provided by relatives and friends, normally unpaid and in addition to the care provided by professional health and care providers
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Code of practice
Standards of behaviour and professional practice required of health and care practitioners, set and monitored by professional bodies such as the GMC, NMC or the HCPC
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Anti-discriminatory practice
Care practice that ensures that individual and different needs of clients and patients are met regardless of their race, ethnicity, age, disability, sex or sexual orientation, and the prejudices and unfair discrimination are challenged
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Empowerment
Supporting people to take control of their lives and futures by taking full part in discussions and decisions about their care and treatment
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Individualised care
Care provision tailored to meet the particular and specific needs of each service user
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Self-esteem
A person's sense of self-respect; the confidence a person has in their own worth and value
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Multi-cultural society
A population made up of people from a variety of different ethnic background and cultural traditions
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Advocate
A person who speaks for someone else and represents their views and preferences
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Lone workers' policy
Guidance and procedures aimed at ensuring that people working on their own are safe. This is particularly important when providing domiciliary care
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Risk assessment
Identifying and evaluating the possible consequences of hazards and the level or risk that the hazard will cause harm
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Risk
The likelihood, high or low, that a person will be harmed by a hazard
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Hazards
Anything that could potentially cause harm
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Clinical waste
Waste contaminated by blood, urine, saliva or other body fluids, which could be infectious
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Hazardous waste
Waste containing substances that can cause serious harm to people or equipment
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Whistleblowing
A situation in which an employee reports poor or dangerous practice at their workplace to the press or to another organisation outside their work setting, for example the GMC, NMC or HCPC, in order to bring about change for the better
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Multi-disciplinary team
A team in which health and care workers from different professional backgrounds and with different work roles, plan, implement and monitor an individual's care
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Holistic approach
An approach to care that addresses the individual's physical, social, emotional and spiritual health, so addressing the needs of the whole person
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Line manager
Person responsible for managing the work of an individual or of a team in an organisation, usually the position they hold will be at least one level above the person/people they manage
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Primary health care
Care provided by doctors, dentists and opticians etc
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Secondary health care
Care which includes most hospital services, normally accessed via the GP or other professional
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Tertiary care
Specialist and often complex care provided in highly specialised units and hospitals, for example spinal injury units
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NHS foundation trusts
Health services, largely financed by government that manage the delivery of hospital services, many mental health services and community health services in England
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Palliative care
Specialist care for people with serious illnesses, which aims to provide relief from symptoms and to reduce stress for patients and their families
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Morbidity
The levels of ill-health in a particular area
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Mortality
The death rate in a particular area
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Community care assessment
Professional assessment of care needs provided by a local authority adult services department, which also provides help and advice in accessing services to best meet the service user's needs
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Carer's assessment
Assessment of the needs of informal carers providing support for a vulnerable person
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National eligibility criteria
Criteria applied to decide whether a service user is entitled to support from the local authority services department
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Personal budget/direct payment
A cash payment made directly to the service user so that they may pay for identified and necessary care services to be provided
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Pressure groups
People who come together to campaign to improve the services offered to their members. They aim to influence public opinion and government decisions
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Public health
Organised strategies to prevent disease, promote health and prolong life in a population
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Impairment
Physical or mental loss of function, whether permanent or temporary, that restricts an individual's ability to perform daily activities independently
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Disabling environment
A social context in which adaptions and other necessary facilities are not in place to ensure that people with impairments can take a full part in social life
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Braille
System of writing and printing for blind or visually impaired people in which raised dots are used to represent the letters of the alphabet, numbers and punctuation marks
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Menopause
Stage in life, usually between the ages of 45 and 55, when a woman's menstrual cycle gradually stops and she is no longer able to become pregnant naturally
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Care and education that aims to ensure people remain healthy, and are aware of factors that can lead to illness and poor health. It includes screening and vaccination programmes

Back

Preventative care

Card 3

Front

A senior doctor, normally based in a hospital, who provides specialist expert healthcare support in their area of expertise

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Provides expert consultancy service to patients and their carers. They contribute to the management and development of the care provision. They also undertake research and contribute to the education and training of other member of staff

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The process of checking for the presence of disease in individuals who have no signs or symptoms of the illness

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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