Unit 2 Weimar Germany

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  • Created by: gmclaren
  • Created on: 17-11-15 17:33
Who were Hitler's wingmen by 1921?
Ernst Rohm and Hermann Goering
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What was the Volkischer Beobachter? And how much did it cost?
The Nazi's newspaper and it cost 180,000 marks
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Name three key features of the 25 point programme
Opressing jews, bigger boarders for Germany 'lebenstraum' and getting rid of the Treaty of Versailles
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What were Hitler's views on the Treaty of Versailles?
He thought that the war guilt clause was stupid and the reperations
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What had Hitler experienced by 1918?
He was born in Austria, wanted to be an artist but failed, then he enlisted as a soilder. During his time in the army he is gassed and loses sight temporarily, but while being in hospital he misses the end of WW1
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Who was Ludendorff?
A famous Army general from WW1, whom Hitler befriended in the early 1920s
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When did Hitler become leader of the Nazis and who did he take over from?
In 1921 he took over from Anton Drexler
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What was DAP?
The German workers party (Duestche Arbietin Party) it later became known as the NAZI party (National Socialist Deutschen Arbeiten Party)
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What is the armistice and what are Hitlers views?
The armistice was the agreement to end WW1, Hitler hated this because he believed Germany should have carried on fighting
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What were the causes of the Munich Putsch?
Hyperinflation was out of control and the French's occupation of the Ruhr angered Hitler. He had 55,000 supporters and Gustav Stresseman was a threat to Hitler's plan
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What were the pre-main events of the Munich Putsch?
3,000 officials were having a meeting with three key speakers: Kahr, Lossow and Seisser. Hitler stormed in with 600 SA and told everyone he was taking over Munich - they supported him.
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What was the main main events of the Munich Putsch?
Kahr, Lossow and Seisser all pulled out, but Hitler carried on - he was supported by Ludendorff. All of his supporters were sent to take over key buildings and Hitler marched to the center to declare himself king, he was shot along with 14 other peop
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What were the consequences of the Munich Putsch?
Hiter was sent to Landsburg prison for 2 years, where he wrote Mein Kampf and a ban was also put on the party.
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When was the ban lifted?
1927
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How many seats did the Nazi's win in 1924?
2
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Why did support for the Nazi's decline in 1923-1928?
Stresseman took over and made Wiemar great, also the party was banned
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Who ran the SS? And what was their purpose?
Heinrich Himmler and they were meant to be Hitlers body guards
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Who ran the SA? And what was their purpose?
Ernst Rohm, their purpose was originally to be Hitlers bodyguards but then they ended up making the Wiemar gov. look powerless
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How was the Nazis party changed?
They became "cleaner" and more family friendly - they got uniforms and worked with the Reichstag not against, they had more propoganda and they did rallies
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What were the main points of the Treaty of Versailles?
Military restrictions and territory restrictions, can't join the League of Nations, can't unite with Austria, have to pay £6,600 million for reparations, the Rhineland was demilitarized and Germany have to accept the war guilt clause
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What were November Criminals?
Hitler thought that Germany could have carried on fighting and should never have signed the armistice
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What were the key features of the Kapp Putsch?
To take over the city and control it, they wanted a king back
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What were the key features of the Spartacist revolt?
Overthrow government and take over key buildings
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What were some consequences of the reparations?
Food became to expensive to buy, life savings disapeared in a matter of minutes, French invade the Ruhr
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How did the Wiemar gov. work?
Parties had to be elected to gain seats in the Reichstag to make important descisions
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What were the names of the four Pacts Stresseman introduced?
Lorncarno 1925, League of Nations, Young Plan 1929 and Dawes Plan 1924
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What did the Dawes Plan do?
Stresseman negotiated with France and got them out of the Ruhr, he also solved hyperinflation, he agreed to pay reparations but in sizable chunks
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What did the Young plan do?
It reduced the size of reparations from £6,600 million to £2,000 million and it gave Germany 59 years to pay it back
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What did the League of Nations do?
Stresseman persuaded the allies to allow Germany to join - this was a powerful club of countries
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What did the Lorcarno Pact do?
It made Germany be treated equally and peace between Germany and France
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What happens in 1929?
Stresseman dies, the Wall st Crash happens meaning Germany is put in even more debt and Hindenburg is appointed chancellor
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How does the Nazi's popularity rise?
After the Wall Street Crash, Hitler's policy seemed the most apepealing to Germans, He went form having 107 votes in September 1930 to 230 in July 1932. Then in March 1932 Hitler runs for election, but loses to Von Hindenburg. After the election ever
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Why did Middle class people support Hitler?
They believed Democracy was weak and that Hitler was strong, they also feared the communists and didn't want them to win
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What was the Reichstage fire?
Van Der Lubbe was found on the premises of the burning Reichstag with a box of matches in Feb 1933 a month after Hitlers election
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How did Hitler use the Reichstag fire to eliminate competition?
Van Der Lubbe was a communist and he used Van Der Lubbe's confession to assume all communists were dangerous and justify his banning of the party
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What was the enabling act?
Late March 1933 Hitler made a law that he could make laws without the Reichstag for four years
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Why was the March General election a disappointment for Nazi's?
Because they only got 44% of the votes, not giving them the majority
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What law did Hitler use to stop new parties forming?
The Law against the Formation of Parties declared the Nazi Party the only political party in Germany. All other parties were banned, and their leaders were put in prison.
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What was the night of long knives?
June 1934 Hitler ordered all senior SA leaders including Ernst Rohm to be shot, this was either because Rohm was gay or because he was talking of creating a revolution.
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Why was Hindenburg's death so signficant?
Because Hitler took over office and ruled the army, they took an oath to him
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What were concentration camps originally?
To rehabilitate all the bad people - keeping an aryan race
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What was the first concentration camp called?
Dachau
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How did Hitler re-arrange all law courts?
Hitler made sure all judges were Nazi's - biased
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What was the SS role?
They were created in 1925 to be Hitlers bodyguards, but they ended up controlling the concentration camps
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How was the Gestapo used?
They looked like normal police officers, but they could arrest anyone at any time for any reason. They were used for fear
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How did the Nazi's control the Church?
All Priests were Nazis, Jews and Jehovas witnesses were persucted
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What was the concordat?
An agreement between the Nazi's and the Church that priests would not get involved with politics
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Who was Pastor Niemoller
He wrote the poem "first they came"
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What was censorship and propoganda in The press
They had to write what the ministry wanted and they cencored the other information
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What was censorship and propaganda in Universities?
It was Nazi controlled curriculum and all research had to be supported by the Nazis
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What was the censorship and propaganda in the arts?
Music was censored and some book were banned and burned, all writers and actors had to be a member of the Reich chamber and plays were about nazi views
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What was the censorship and propaganda in the radio?
All radio stations were put under control of Hitler and Hitler made broadcast everyday
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What was the censorship and propaganda in the cinema?
Plots had to be checked for Nazi approval, they showed Nazi achievements
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What was the censorship and propaganda in the sport?
Nazis refused to award Black Americans in the Olympics 1936
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What did the boys do to Nazi's to be controlled?
Pimpf at the age of six - which was hiking and sport. Young Germans 10-14 -camping. Hitler YOUTH AT 14 - trained like SA. Leave SA at 18 - Hitler youth did public marches.
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What did the girls do to Nazis to be controlled?
Girls started Young maidens and were split into groups, they focused on health care and motherhood. They then advanced to German Maidens which was Health and Main Kampf and motherhood. They left this at 21 and stayed at home
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What role did Women play in society?
To breed a pure race and look after women
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What were the 3ks
Children Church and Kitchen
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What was the mother cross?
Bronze:4-5 children, Silver: 6-7 children, Gold: 8+ children
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What was Lebensborn?
The scheme for creating an Aryan race, where women would have sex with SS officers to create children
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What caused the DAF?
All Germans were part of trade unions, this ensured they got fair wages and worked fair hours, but Hitler hated trade unions he thought they encouraged socialism so he banned them in May 1933
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What was the DAF?
After Hitler banned all trade unions he created his own DAF (Deutsche ArbietenFront) this was controlled by the Nazis
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What were the consequences of the DAF?
Wages were frozen and there was an increase in hours, no one could speak out against Hitler
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What was the purpose of the KDF?
To keep everyone happy after the trade unions were abolished, they were given cheap cruises and trip sot the cinema
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What was RAD?
It was the training facility were German men went to train to go to the army, this was to help improve unemployment.
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Why did Hitler priorities rearmament in the 1930s?
Because it provided jobs for millions of men, by 1934 1. million men joined the army
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What were the Numemburg laws?
They were laws that effectively stopped Jews from being citizens, they stopped Jews from having sex with any Germans - to keep the aryan race
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When did Nazi boycotts begin?
April 1933
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When were Jews banned from government jobs?
May 1933
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When were Jews banned form inheriting land?
September 1933
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When were Jews banned from the army?
May 1935
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When were Jews banned from restaurants?
June 1935
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When did Jews have to register all their possesions?
March 1938
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When did Jews have to carry identity cards?
July 1938
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When were Jews forced to live in Ghettos?
April 1939
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What was Kristallnacht?
On the 9th November 1938 Germans torched Synagogues, Jew's houses, Jew businesses and killed close to 100 Jews. The next day 300,00 men were sent to concentration camps.
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How did the Nazi's persecute the gypsies?
They subjected them to similar Nuremberg laws and arrested lots of gypsies
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How did the Nazi's persecute homosexuals?
They humiliated them, arrested them, tortured them and castrated them
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How did the Nazi's prosecute mentally and physically disabled people?
They created a T4 programme, that was a way of killing disabled people by euthanasia. Between 1939-41 70,000 people were murdered
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the Volkischer Beobachter? And how much did it cost?

Back

The Nazi's newspaper and it cost 180,000 marks

Card 3

Front

Name three key features of the 25 point programme

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were Hitler's views on the Treaty of Versailles?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What had Hitler experienced by 1918?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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