Unit 2 Government & Politics AS the prime minister and the core executive

What is the executive?
The branch of government responsible for policy making and policy implementation
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What is the prime minister?
The head of government and of the executive branch; the prime minister chairs the cabinet
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What is the cabinet?
The committee of senior ministers that is the main collective decision making body of the government
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What is a majority government?
One political party has an absolute majority of seats in the commons and forms the government
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What is a minority government?
No political party has an absolute majority of seats, so a party without a majority forms a government and must try to secure support from other parties for key measures
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What is a coalition governmnet?
No political party has an absolute majority of seats in the commons and two or more parties agree a deal to form a government
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What is 10 Downing Street?
The residence and office of the prime minister; however number 10 and downing street are often used to refer to the prime ministers ofice
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What is bilateral?
A meeting between the prime minister and a departmental minister in which policy is agreed
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What is the prime ministers office?
The group of senior civil servants and special advisers, based at 10 downing street, who provide advice and support for the prime minister, particularly on policy and communications with government, parliament and the media
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What is the cabinet?
The meeting of senior ministers and heads of government departments and formally the key decision making body in British government
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What is the cabinet system?
The cabinet and its associated bodies, including cabinet committees and the cabinet office
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What are cabinet committees?
Committees appointed by the PM to consider aspects of government business
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What is the cabinet office?
A government department responsible for supporting the cabinet system and managing the civil service
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What are kitchen cabinets or inner cabinets?
Small groups of ministers, advisers and officials who meet together to discuss issues and formulate policy
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What is bureaucracy?
A large organisation that enacts policy and operates according to a clear set of rules and procedures; a bureaucracy is impersonal; officials act on behalf of the organisation rather than in a private capacity
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What is Whitehall?
The UK civil service and government departments, named after the area of London in which many departments are based
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What is the executive agency?
A body responsible for the delivery of government policy that is subordinate to a department but enjoys significant autonomy from it in its day to day operations
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Card 2

Front

What is the prime minister?

Back

The head of government and of the executive branch; the prime minister chairs the cabinet

Card 3

Front

What is the cabinet?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a majority government?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a minority government?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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