UNIT 2 - Cognitive Psychology - MEMORY

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Memory
The mental process by which we are able to input, store and retrieve information about events in the world that have happened to us.
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STM (Short Term Memory)
A short term store for items and events that are remembered
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LTM (Long Term Memory)
A long term store for items and events that are remembered
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EWT (Eyewitness Testimony)
The account of an event (usually crime) that a person who was a witness to the event makes, relying on their memory
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Schemas
An organised store of knowledge about previous experiences which help us to make decisions about future events. They also help us to fill in any gaps in our knowledge based on past information.
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Stereotypes
A way of defining a person (or people) using readily available features (e.g. skin colour or gender) in ways that focus on these rather than the individual.
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Encoding
The information is changed (or encoded) so that it can be stored.
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Storage
Information is stored and is avaiable for use at some time in the future. We store different types of information in different ways, and the way we store information affects how we retrieve it.
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Retreival
This occurs when we try to recover information from storage. If we can't remember something, it may be because we are unable to retrieve it.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A short term store for items and events that are remembered

Back

STM (Short Term Memory)

Card 3

Front

A long term store for items and events that are remembered

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The account of an event (usually crime) that a person who was a witness to the event makes, relying on their memory

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

An organised store of knowledge about previous experiences which help us to make decisions about future events. They also help us to fill in any gaps in our knowledge based on past information.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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