unit 1- section A- social construction of culture definitions

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culture
refers to norms, values and beliefs of society
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cultural diversity
culturally embedded differences within and between societies
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norms
social expectations or informal rules governing how someone should behave
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values
general guidelines about what's considered good in a society
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status
based on social position and how much social standing a group or person has
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ascribed status
characteristics given at birth
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achieved status
status that is earned
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social roles
roles we play in our lives - determined by expectations of behaviour in that role
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subculture
culture within a culture
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socialisation
lifelong process by which we learn the culture of our society
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social control
process of persuading individuals to conform to norms and values of society
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deviance
any behaviour which is in some way socially unacceptable
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sanctions
reactions to behaviour to either encourage or stop it from happening
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formal social control
associated with the formal agents of socialisation such as education, religion and the workplace
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informal social control
associated with less formal aspects of socialisation such as the family
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role model
person looked up to by others as an example to be imitated
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agent of socialisation
name given to institutions responsible for transmitting norms and values of society through process of socialisation
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manipulation
when parents encourage gender specific behaviour
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canalisation
parents channelling their child's interests towards gender specific books, toys and games
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verbal appelations
parents adopting different modes of speech depending on the gender of their child
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differentiated activities
parents encourage children to get involved in different activities based on their behaviour
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

culturally embedded differences within and between societies

Back

cultural diversity

Card 3

Front

social expectations or informal rules governing how someone should behave

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

general guidelines about what's considered good in a society

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

based on social position and how much social standing a group or person has

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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