Unit 1 - Parties and Policies

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Political Party
A group of people who hold similar political beliefs and aspirations. They become a party when they seek power.
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Ideology
A system of ideas and ideals, especially one which forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.
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Left/Right Continuum
A way of characterising groups of political ideas. Left - sociologists
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Liberalism
A political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality.
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Conservatism
A form of government in which the people make the decisions without a leader (Greece has this type of democracy.) political and social philosophy that promotes retaining traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
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Socialism
A range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production; as well as the political ideologies, theories, and movements that aim to establish them.
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Consensus Party
An opinion or position reached by a group as a whole.
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Adversarial Politics
A situation that tends to occur when there is a 'two-party' system. This occurs when the two main parties fighting for power have very different views. An example of this is the original ideologies of the Labour and Conservative parties.
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Factionalism
Groups of people formed around a leader who reject the status quo and actively work against established authority within a society, such as state institutions, political parties, or economic interests.
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Beveridge Group
A centre-left group within the Liberal Democrat party in the UK. It was set up in 2001 by MPs Alistair Carmichael, Paul Holmes, John Barrett and John Pugh to promote debate within the party regarding public service provision.
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Orange Bookers
A liberal ideology, mostly within the Liberal Democrats, which seeks to balance the four main strands of liberal thought—social liberalism, economic liberalism, cultural liberalism, and political liberalism.
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New Right
A group of people who believe that government should be separated from a country's economy and that traditional morals are very important.
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One Nation
A form of conservatism that views society as organic and values paternalism and pragmatism.
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Old Labour
An unofficial name used to talk about the British Labour Party before it was changed by Tony blair in the 1990s. Old Labour was thought to be more left wing, and supported the idea of increasing taxes to pay for public services.
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New Labour
An unofficial name for the British Labour Party that was used especially by Tony Blair and his supporters to show that the Labour Party has changed some of its ideas and become more modern.
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Social Democrats
A person who advocates a gradual transition to socialism or a modified form of socialism by and under democratic political processes.
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SDP
The Social Democratic Party was a centrist political party in the United Kingdom.
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Manifesto
A published verbal declaration of the intentions, motives, or views of the issuer, be it an individual, group, political party or government.
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Mandate
The authority to carry out a policy, regarded as given by the electorate to a party or candidate that wins an election.
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Leadership Style
A leader's style of providing direction, implementing plans, and motivating people.
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Party Leaders
The most powerful official within a political party. The leader speaks to their designated political party, while acting as the party representatives. The party leader is typically responsible for managing the party's relationship with the public.
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Parliamentary Party
The members of a political party who are in parliament, as distinguished from the party in the country as a whole.
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Card 2

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A system of ideas and ideals, especially one which forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.

Back

Ideology

Card 3

Front

A way of characterising groups of political ideas. Left - sociologists

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A form of government in which the people make the decisions without a leader (Greece has this type of democracy.) political and social philosophy that promotes retaining traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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