Unit 1 Law

1. What is a Bill

  • A proposal presented to the House of Commons
  • A person
  • A pass through
  • A famous judge
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2. What is the fifth stage of reading a bill?

  • Commitee Stage
  • First reading
  • Report stage
  • Second reading

3. What is meant by reversing?

  • This is where a higher court departs from the decision of the lower court on appeal.
  • this is where the facts of the case are deemed sufficiently different so that the previous case is no longer binding.
  • this is where a court higher in the hierarchy departs from a decision made in a lower court. The previous decision is no longer binding

4. What is meant by res judicata?

  • reasons for the decision
  • once a case has reached its final conclusion it cannot be reopened, even if a later decision in another case has been reached in a different way
  • precedent, which a judge is not obliged to follow
  • a previous case or legal decision that may be or must be followed in subsequent similar cases

5. What are the 5 advantages of judicial precedent?

  • 1.Certainty, 2.Consistency and fairness in the law, 3.Flexibility, 4.Time-saving, 5.Precision
  • 1.Certainty,2. Rigidity,3.Illogical distinctions,4.Complexity,5.Time-saving


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