Unit 1 key concepts

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An strong, long lasting bond formed with a significant other
Attachment
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A measure of attachment: when an individual shows distress when they are away from their care giver (a caregiver could leave the room)
Seperation protest
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When a child and caregiver's relationship is based on strust and security, the child wishes to ineract with the caregiver.
Secure attachment
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When the relationship means the child is independent of the caregiver.
Insecure avoidant
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When the relationship means the child is clingy and demanding, but awkward at the same time.
Insecure ambivalent
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A behaviour that is considered normal as it applies to the majority.
Typical behaviour
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A behaviour that is considered abnormal as it applies to the minority
Atypical behaviour
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An atypical fear response given the object or situation.
Phobia
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An extreme fear of being in public spaces away from home where escape may be difficult
Agoraphobia
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An extreme fear of heights
Acrophobia
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An extreme fear of spiders
Arachnophobia
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An extreme fear of being exposed or embarrassed during social contact
Social phobia
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An extreme fear of attending and being in school
school phobia
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A level of status or power
Authority
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Following orders or commands from people in authority
Obedience
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Resisting orders or commands from people in authority.
Defiance
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Blaming actions on a higher authority rather than accepting blame oneself
Denial of responsibility
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Being another person's agent and acting out wishes on their behalf. You feel less personally responsible as a result.
Agentic state
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Culture which emphasises the rights and responsibilities of the individual
Individualistic culture
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Culture where individuals share tasks, belongings and income. They value the group.
Collectivist culture
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When everyone agrees on something
Consensus
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A biological term that tells us whether an indiviadual is male or female.
Sex
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A psychological term that tells us whether an individual is masculine, feminine or androgynous.
Gender
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A gender term associated with male traits and roles.
Masculinity
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A gender term associated with female traits and roles.
Femininity
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A type of gender where an individual shows high levels of masculine and feminine traits.
Androgyny
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The process of data entry.
Input
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The process in which data is changed into another format.
Encoding
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The process in which data is held, ready to be used at a later date.
Storage
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The process in which information is located and taken out of storage.
Retrieval
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The process of using data once it has been retrieved
Output
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When info is still in the LTM but cannot be retrieved there and then. If you have a cue you may remember it later and it could be on the 'tip of your tongue'.
Accessibility problems
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When info is no longer stored in the LTM, and it is gone for good.
Availability problems
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A measure of attachment: when an individual shows distress when they are away from their care giver (a caregiver could leave the room)

Back

Seperation protest

Card 3

Front

When a child and caregiver's relationship is based on strust and security, the child wishes to ineract with the caregiver.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When the relationship means the child is independent of the caregiver.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When the relationship means the child is clingy and demanding, but awkward at the same time.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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