unit 1: intro to sociology

society
a group of people who share a culture
1 of 49
culture
a shared way of life
2 of 49
norm
an expected and accepted way to behave within a society
3 of 49
value
something that is considered good in society
4 of 49
cultural relativity
the idea that what is normal in one culture is weird in another
5 of 49
cultural universals
social behaviours found in all cultures
6 of 49
anthropology/anthropologist
the study of human societies and cultures/someone who studies different human societies and cultures
7 of 49
primary socialisation
being taught norms and values at a young age, often by family
8 of 49
secondary socialisation
being taught norms and values by groups you encounter as you grow older in the wider world
9 of 49
formal socialisation
when people or organisations deliberately set out to teach you norms and values
10 of 49
informal socialisation
socialisation that happens by chance
11 of 49
identity
a sense of who you are according to the social groups you belong to
12 of 49
labelling theory
the idea that people given a label by others in society are treated as if its true
13 of 49
roles
the expected behaviour of an individual in a particular social situation
14 of 49
role conflict
the idea that sometimes the roles we have to play might contradict each other
15 of 49
agency of socialisation
a social organisation that teaches people the norms and values of society
16 of 49
formal/national curriculum
things that are deliberately taught in schools and are expected to be done
17 of 49
agency of control
groups that make people obey social roles
18 of 49
hidden curriculum
messages that are passed on to children unintentionally
19 of 49
truancy
taking time out of school without permission/reason
20 of 49
deviance
not following the norms and values of society
21 of 49
formal deviance
breaking a written or agreed rule in a group
22 of 49
informal deviance
breaking an unwritten rule in a group
23 of 49
social control
the methods used to persuade or force individuals to follow normal and values
24 of 49
sanctions
rewards and punishments to make sure people follow norms and values
25 of 49
formal sanctions
an official punishment or reward
26 of 49
informal sanction
a punishment or reward that is unofficial
27 of 49
agencies of social control
those groups in society that enforce or persuade people to follow rules
28 of 49
sex
defined by our biological make up/sexual organs someone is born with
29 of 49
gender
what a particular culture defines as 'female' and 'male'
30 of 49
feral/wild child
unsocialised child
31 of 49
nature theory
the idea that we act as we do because we are born that way
32 of 49
nurture theory
the idea that we act as we do because we are taught how to behave by others
33 of 49
primary data
research information that the researcher has collected themselves
34 of 49
secondary data
research information that has been collected for another purpose by someone else
35 of 49
census
a questionnaire given to every house hold in britain every 10 years
36 of 49
pilot study
a trail run before the actual research
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target population
the people the researchers sim to study
38 of 49
sample
a small group of people chosen form the target population
39 of 49
representative
the idea that the sample should have the same mix of people as the target population
40 of 49
random sample
a group chosen by chance from the target population
41 of 49
systematic samples
uses a system to select, e.g. every 10 people
42 of 49
quota sample
where the researcher is looking for a certain number of a particular group
43 of 49
snowball sample
using a connection with one person, which leads to the other members of groups being selected
44 of 49
opportunity/convenience sample
when a researcher uses the people who just happen to be available
45 of 49
data
information collected by research
46 of 49
sampling frame
the list where the sample is selected from
47 of 49
qualitative data
written data
48 of 49
quantitive data
statistics and number data
49 of 49

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

a shared way of life

Back

culture

Card 3

Front

an expected and accepted way to behave within a society

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

something that is considered good in society

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the idea that what is normal in one culture is weird in another

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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