Unit 1- human lifespan development - Social factors

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Characteristics of a dysfunctional family
- Family members dont carry out their responsibilities. - Members needs not met. - Members display negativity towards each other. - Sibling rivary and conflict. - Possible abuse. - Use of coercion and blame.
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Reasons for a dysfunctional family
- Parents perpetrate their own dysfunctional upbringing. - -Untreated mental illness in 1+. - Alcohol/ drug abuse in 1+.
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Impact of dysfunction
Negatove self image, low self esteem, difficulties building friendships and relationships.
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Possible effects of parental divorce or seporation.
Stress, isolation, guilt, health problems, psychological problems, increased liklihood of drug/alcohol abuse.
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Demanding and supportive.
Authoritative
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Demanding, unsupportive.
Authoritarian
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Supportive, undemanding.
Permissive
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Unsupportive, undemanding.
Disengaged/ Uninvolved
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Parenting styles; Authoritative
Demanding and supportive. Children accepted for who they are. Mutual love and respect. Children often self controlled, confident and have high elf- esteem.
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Parenting styles; Authoritarian
Demanding, unsupportive. Parents assert their authority. Children are controlled. Children may have poor social skills and low self esteem.
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Parenting styles; Permissive
Supportive, undemanding. Parents are indulgent. They do not attempt to control behaviours. Children may be self confident, impulsive and have difficulty building friendships.
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Parenting styles; Disengaged/ uninvoloved
Unsupportive, undemanding. Parents are neglectful and show lack of interest. Poor attachement. Children may have low confidence and self esteem and hide their emotions.
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Bullying; Verbal
Using words to hurt. Includes name calling, making racist, sexist, disabilist slurs/ comments, making hurtful comments, making threats, ridiculing.
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Bullying; Emotional
Causing psychological hurt. Including; spreading rumours, excluding, ignoring, stalking.
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Bullying; Physical
Using force. Including; Hitting, pushing, slapping, kicking, taking/hiding/damaging anothers belongings.
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Bullying; Cyber Bullying
Using technology to hurt. Including; sending hurtful messages via he internet, sharing personal information without permission, posting innapropriate photos, hurtful, annonymous text messages.
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Bullying; short term effects
- Stress/ anxiety. - Inability to cope with life events. - Poor self image. - Low self esteem. - Eating disorders. - Withdrawal from school, work and activities.
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Bullying; Long term effects
Can have significant psychological effect on development and wellbeing, including; Difficulties in forming relationships, poor academic achievement, substance missuse, self-harm, increased risk of suicide.
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Culture and beliefs influence...
Morality, dress, diet, personal values, relationships, lifestyle.
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Culture and beliefs Dietry restrictions
Some religions forbid the consumption of certain foods. e.g. pork for Muslims, Budhdhists are vegetarians.
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Culture and beliefs Dietry restrictions; possible health benifits
High fibre and/or low fat diets lower risk of heart disease and low blood pressure. - Reduced rik of cancers and heart disease if alcohol or stimulants are restricted.
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Culture and beliefs Dietry restrictions; possible health risks
Nutritional deficiencies, such as lack of calcium (bones and teeth) irn and vitamin b12 (for red blood cells) vitamin D (for health bone growth) and protein (for muscle maintenence)
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Culture and beliefs, Fasting
Several religions have periods of fasting. Muslims for Ramadam, Jews for 7 days a year.
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Culture and beliefs, Fasting; possible health benifits
Loss of weight, reduced cholesterol levels, detoxification.
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Culture and beliefs, Fasting; possible health risks
Heartburn, constipation, malnourishment, dehydration, exacerbation of existing conditions such as diabetes and stress.
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Culture and beliefs, Medical interventions
E.g. Christian scientists believe in healing through prayer and Jehovas Wittnesses do not receive nlood transfusion.
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Culture and beliefs, Medical interventions; possible health benifits
???
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Culture and beliefs, Medical interventions; possible health risks
Deterioration to health and possible death.
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Culture and beliefs; positive social and emotional effects
- People share the same values, beliefs and religion. - People feel accepted and are supported by others. - People feel valued by others because of their values, beliefs and religion.
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Culture and beliefs; negative social and emotional effects
- People are discriminated against bc of their values, beliefs or religion. - People feel excluded because of their values, beliefs or religion. - A persons culture is ignored and not understood.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

- Parents perpetrate their own dysfunctional upbringing. - -Untreated mental illness in 1+. - Alcohol/ drug abuse in 1+.

Back

Reasons for a dysfunctional family

Card 3

Front

Negatove self image, low self esteem, difficulties building friendships and relationships.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Stress, isolation, guilt, health problems, psychological problems, increased liklihood of drug/alcohol abuse.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Authoritative

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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