Unit 1 - Democracy and Pariticipation

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Democracy
Rule by the people or 'people power'.
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Liberal Democracy
A style of democracy incorporating free and fair elections with a belief in the importance of certain key rights and responsibilities.
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Direct Democracy
Where citizens are given a direct input into the decision-making process.
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Representative Democracy
Where citizens elect representatives to formulate legislation and take other decisions on their behalf.
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Referendum
A vote on a single issue put to a public ballot by the government of the day Referendums offer a degree of direct democracy. They are generally framed in the form of a simple ‘yes/no’ question.
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Intiative
A process by which citizens can call a referendum, normally by collecting a predetermined number of signatures on a petition.
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Recall
A device that allows citizens to unseat an elected official before the end of their term in office.
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Franchise
The franchise is the right to vote as established by parliamentary statute. The vast majority of adult UK citizens have the right to vote. Exceptions include current members of the House of Lords, those convicted of offences relating to elections, an
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Political Participation
Collectively refers to the range of ways in which citizens can involve themselves in the political process.
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Turnout
The percentage of registered voters who cast a ballot in a given election.
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Political Apathy
A state of passivity or indifference towards political institutions and their associated processes, linked to a decline in political participation.
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Political Crisis
The view that declining of political participation in the UK threaten to undermine its democratic systems.
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Donkey Votes
Under a preferential voting system, votes which are simply numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, etc. in order vertically down the list of available candidates. A ‘reverse donkey’ is one where candidates are numbered up the ballot paper.
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Informal Votes
Ballots which are completed incorrectly under a system of compulsory voting.
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Pluralist Democracy
A system of government which encourages participation and allows for free and fair competition between competing interests.
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Subsidiarity
The principle that decisions should be taken at the lowest tier of government possible.
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e-Democracy
The greater use of the internet, mobile phones and other electronic media as a means of enhancing the operation of existing political institutions and processes, and encouraging greater political participation.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A style of democracy incorporating free and fair elections with a belief in the importance of certain key rights and responsibilities.

Back

Liberal Democracy

Card 3

Front

Where citizens are given a direct input into the decision-making process.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Where citizens elect representatives to formulate legislation and take other decisions on their behalf.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A vote on a single issue put to a public ballot by the government of the day Referendums offer a degree of direct democracy. They are generally framed in the form of a simple ‘yes/no’ question.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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