Unification of Italy: the beginning

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Abigail
  • Created on: 16-11-13 17:53
Who initially created the Vienna Settlement?
Metternich
1 of 37
When did he do this?
1815
2 of 37
Which country had a lot of dominance in Italy?
Austria
3 of 37
The Settlement mainly involved restoring what?
Reactionary rules and leaders
4 of 37
Who ruled Lombardy and Venetia?
The Austrian Emperor himself
5 of 37
Who ruled Piedmont? What did he abolish?
Ruled by Victor Emmanuel I and removed Code Napoleon
6 of 37
What else did Victor Emmanuel do?
Increased Church power
7 of 37
What about the Papal States?
Ruled once again by the Pope
8 of 37
Who else accompanied the Pope?
Austrian soldiers
9 of 37
In Tuscany?
Grand Duke Ferdinand III - Austrian Emperor's brother
10 of 37
Who ruled in Parma?
Duchess Marie-Louise - Austrian Emperor's daughter, former wife of Napoleon I
11 of 37
Modena?
Very reactionary Duke Francis IV
12 of 37
Naples and Sicily?
King Ferdinand I of Naples under both states now
13 of 37
Who had orginally ruled over Sicily?
The British - quite liberally as well
14 of 37
A revolution broke out in 1820 in Naples, who led it?
The Carbonari
15 of 37
What did this revolt lead Metternich to do?
Call a congress meeting of all great powers at Troppau
16 of 37
What did the powers sign?
Troppau Protocol
17 of 37
Meaning?
If a state ever needs assistance in regards to a revolution, they should give it
18 of 37
This resulted in?
Austrian troops defeating most of the revolts
19 of 37
Which revolutions did they crush?
Naples (1820-1); Sicily (1821); Piedmont (1821); then Modena and Papal States 1831
20 of 37
Why was there a North/South divide?
The south were extremely rural, whereas the north were more industrialised
21 of 37
While Napoleon was in power, he created what?
Code Napoleon
22 of 37
Code Napoleon meant?
Meritocracy; equality; reduction in church power
23 of 37
This encouraged the growth of ___?
Liberalism
24 of 37
Why did liberalism grow?
Because the middle classes had a desire to regain their improved lives they had enjoed so much under Napoleon's reign
25 of 37
Nationalism spread, what was the aim of most Nationalists?
To remove Austrian dominance
26 of 37
Name the two major secret societies:
The Carbonari and Adelfi
27 of 37
The Carbonari led the revoltuion in Naples, forcing King Ferdinand to do what?
Grant a constitution like the 1812 Spanish one
28 of 37
Giuseppe Mazzini left the Carbonari, why?
Because of their failures in revolutions (1820/1-31) plus he was betrayed and imprisoned in 1830
29 of 37
What organisation did Mazzini create? When?
Young Italy in 1831
30 of 37
Which famous individual did Mazzini influence?
Garibaldi
31 of 37
What method of government did he think should be in charge?
A republic
32 of 37
A lot of people considered themselves Mazzinians, (like the Red Shirts) what other renowned group said this as well?
The National Society
33 of 37
When were they created? Who made up most of the National Society?
In 1857 and mostly political exiles
34 of 37
In what ways did Mazzini fail?
At persuading Charles Albert to lead unification; his attempt to overthrow Albert - stopped before it even began; also revolts he created were destroyed before they began
35 of 37
Causing Young Italy to seem like a?
Laughing stock
36 of 37
After living in exile, Mazzini did return in 1849, to do what?
Create the Roman Republic
37 of 37

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When did he do this?

Back

1815

Card 3

Front

Which country had a lot of dominance in Italy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The Settlement mainly involved restoring what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who ruled Lombardy and Venetia?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Italy - 19th and 20th century resources »