Understanding and Treating Mental illness

What is Bipolar I?
Major depressive and Mania
1 of 47
What is BipolarII?
Major depressive and hyomania
2 of 47
What is hypomania?
Midly manic episodes, not marked by impairment in functioning
3 of 47
What are depressive symptoms?
3X more common than manic
4 of 47
What is age of onset?
First episode usually before 30 years
5 of 47
What are the features of schizphrenia?
Significantly altered perceptions and thoughts mood and behaviour
6 of 47
What is the age of onset?
Early adult hood
7 of 47
What are the positive symptoms?
Delusions (fixed beliefs that have no basis in fact), hallucinations (perceptions without external stimulus), disorganised thinking and behaviour
8 of 47
What are the negative symptoms of schizophrenia?
anhedonia, diminished speech output, avolition, diminished emotional expression
9 of 47
What are cognitive symptoms?
Slow thinking, difficulty making decisions and distractible
10 of 47
What are the historical facts?
SEvere with poor prognosis, but good long term outcome in over half of individuals
11 of 47
However, what is it not common?
In general population to hear voices at some point in life
12 of 47
What are features of eating disorders?
Persistent disturbance of eating or eating related behaviours resulting in altered consumption of food
13 of 47
What is the age of onset?
Adolescence - early adulthood
14 of 47
What are the first 2 features of Anorexia?
Refusal to maintain minimum 'normal' body weight; intense fear of gaining weight, underweight
15 of 47
What are the last three features of Anorexia?
Disordered body perception, low blood pressure, deny that behaviour is problematic
16 of 47
What are the first 2 factors of bulimia?
REcurrent binge eating and recurrent inappropriate compensatory behaviour, varying weight, may be normal or overweigh
17 of 47
What are the last 3 factors of bulimia?
Disordered body perception, dental problems, consider behaviour problematic
18 of 47
What is the aetiology of mental disorder?
The origin or cause of a disorder, supernatural, psychogenic, somatogneic
19 of 47
What is the prehistory?
Possession by evil spirits, trephination and exorcism
20 of 47
What about early middle ages?
psychogenic and somatogenic
21 of 47
What happened to witches?
Catholic church threatened by rebellions, interpreted as heresy and satanism, many women burned at the stake
22 of 47
What is psychic epidemics?
Tarantism - possession by the devil, Nowadays - explanations from social psychology
23 of 47
What were treatments?
Exorcism, starving, whipping, stretching
24 of 47
What happened in the renaissance period?
Asylums: places set aside for people with mental disorder, patients treated almost as inmates
25 of 47
What is the asylym bedlam?
Very harsh, inhumane conditions: filthy, furnished with straw, patients chained to walls or locked in small boxes, public shows for visiters
26 of 47
What did Emil Kraepelin say?
Importance of brain pathology in psychological disorder, system for classifying symptoms into discrete disorders, measured effects of drugs on disordered behaviour
27 of 47
What was link?
General paresis and syphilis
28 of 47
What is the medical model?
Behaviour affected by changes in brain nervous system, mental disorder viewed in same way as physical illness
29 of 47
What are the implications of the medical model/
Dichotomy between normal and disordered states found to occur in large numbers of normal population
30 of 47
What is treated?
Diagnosis treated not individual, but this fails to recognise experience of person
31 of 47
What are biological factors?
Primary in development of disorder, but social and psychological factors also critical
32 of 47
What are three different therapies?
Drug therapy, electroconvulsive therapy, psychosurgery
33 of 47
What is a syndrome?
Symptoms usually co-occuring
34 of 47
What is anxiety?
Excessive worry, ruthlessness, muscle tension
35 of 47
What is depression?
Lack of interest depressed mood, worthlessness
36 of 47
What is wrong with this?
Categorical
37 of 47
Why classify?
Same diagnosis across world, same treatment across world, research focuses on same condition across world
38 of 47
What are issues with diagnosis and classification?
Reliability: consistency of judgements, boundaries between disorders can be unclear
39 of 47
What is the reliability of issues with diagnosis and classification?
consistency of judgements, boundaries between disorders can be unclear, cross-cultural inconsistencies
40 of 47
Who studied Mikton and Grounds?
Ethnicity of diagnosing physician influences diagnosis
41 of 47
What is validity of issues with diagnosis and classification?
Does a diagnostic category correspond accurately to the real world
42 of 47
What about co-mobidity and heterogeneity?
of disorders
43 of 47
What are consequences of diagnosis?
Comfort, access to services, support and community
44 of 47
What are negatives of diagnosis?
Loss of personal meaning, labelling
45 of 47
What did Rosenhan?
pseudopatient study, 8 individuals admitted themselves to psychiatric hospital, 7 admitted with diagnosis of scizophrenia, in hospital: stopped reporting voices, behaved as normal, average length of stay: 19 days
46 of 47
What is detected?
None detected and discharged as schizophrenic in remission. Labels are sticky, stigma, self fulfilling prophecy
47 of 47

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is BipolarII?

Back

Major depressive and hyomania

Card 3

Front

What is hypomania?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are depressive symptoms?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is age of onset?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Understanding and treating mental illness resources »