UK Ageing Population Case Study

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In 2041, what is the predicted percentage of people aged 65 or over?
25%
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Why is the UK's population ageing?
>People living longer because of advances in medicine. Life expectancy is therefore rising. >Baby booms in the 1940s and 60s - people born in 40s now pensioners. >Since 1970s, number of babies being born has fallen.
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What problems has/will this cause?
>More elderly people in poverty - high dependency ratio means that there aren't enough working people to pay for a decent pension >Even though state pension is low, government still struggles to pay for it >Health service is under pressure
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What strategies has the UK used to cope with its ageing population?
>Raised retirement age to 65 - more people paying tax and less pensioners >Encourage immigration of young people to the UK - more people paying taxes >Encourage people to take out private pensions - people aren't so dependent on the state pension
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How has the UK encouraged people to have more children?
>Child benefits >Reducing taxes for married couples >Laws entitling parents to having time off work when they have children
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Have the strategies worked yet?
We don't know. It's too early to tell. Even if they do have some effect it's likely that future generations will have to work longer and rely on their families to support them in old age.
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Card 2

Front

Why is the UK's population ageing?

Back

>People living longer because of advances in medicine. Life expectancy is therefore rising. >Baby booms in the 1940s and 60s - people born in 40s now pensioners. >Since 1970s, number of babies being born has fallen.

Card 3

Front

What problems has/will this cause?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What strategies has the UK used to cope with its ageing population?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How has the UK encouraged people to have more children?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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