UK Elections

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'Hung' parliament
where no single party has a majority. e.g. May 2010
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AMS - definition and where it is used
Additional Member System. A hybrid system of CPL and FPTP. creates a two tier system of MP's. Used for Scotland and Welsh Assemblies
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CPL- definition and where it is used
Closed Party List. A proporitonal voting system. the party choses the order of the candidates on the ballot. Used for European elections
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FPTP - definition and where it is used
First Past the Post. Single Pluarlity Sytem. The party chose the candidate on the ballot. Used for UK Local and General Elections
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STV - definition and where it is used
Single Transferable Vote. Proportional system. Used for Northern Ireland Assembly.
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SV - definition and where it is used
Suppelamentary Vote. Majoritarin system. Picks one candidate. Used for London Mayoral and Police Commisioner.
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3 Advantages of AMS
1. No Wasted votes. 2. Constituency Link. 3. voters have 2 votes so can vote party specific and also for a candidate. Not just on party lines.
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3 Disadvantages of AMS
1. Smaller Parties can be underrepresented still. 2. It creates two type of representatives 3. Parties control the party list.
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3 Advantages of FPTP
1. constituency link 2. extremists are kept out. 3. simple and fast.
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3 Disadvantages of FPTP
1. not fair (not proportional) 2. small parties suffer. 3. people can understand more complex systems
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3 Advantages of STV
1. fair 2. no wasted votes 3. choice of candidates from the same party.
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3 Disadvantages of STV
1. Coalition government usually formed (seen as weak and unstable) 2. Extremist parties can have a lot of power, as the balance of power often lies with the small part within a coalition. 3. multimember constituencies.
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3 Advantages of SV
1. prevents extremist parties having any power. 2. the winner has a strong mandate 3. simple system
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Disadvantages of SV
1. Small parties dont get represented 2. there is a false amndate for the winner, they dont actually have 50% support. 3. it not fair (not poroportional)
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2 Advantages of PL
1. most proportional (most fair) 2. Small parties well represented
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Disadvantages of PL
1. Extemist parties (e.g. UKIP BNP) 2. The party choses the list 3. Coalitions are seen as weak and unstable
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Coalition governement
when there is a hung parliament and two parties have to work together to make a majority government.
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Core Voters
People who will always vote for the same party, no matter what. E.g. people who voted conservative in 1997
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Demographic representation
Voting trends on Age, gender, religion, income, Occupation and Race.
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Swing Voters
Voters who change who they vote for each election based on those policies. They have no allegiance to a party. Arguably the most important voters.
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Legitimacy
Manifesto - Election - Mandate. Therfore winning an election gives them the power to rule.
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Marginal/swing Seats
A constituency that one of three parties could win.
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Minority Government
When there is a hung parliament and the single-party forms a government. e.g. Callaghan in 1979, but this led to a vote of no confidence.
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Multi-party system
Where more than two parties have a realistic chance of forming a governemnt after a general election.
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Two-Party System
When there are only 2 parties with a realistic chance of forming a government.
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Plurality
When you need 1 vote more than the next person to win the constituency.
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Proportional representation
Where the votes won is equal to the seats won
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Single Party Government
When one party has the majority and can run the counrty.
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Spoiled paper
When a voter ruins the ballot by voting too many times or not ticking any.
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Tatical voting
Voting for the party that will keep the party you dislike the most out of forming a government.
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Wasted Vote
When your vote has no chance of being for the winner it is said to be wasted.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Additional Member System. A hybrid system of CPL and FPTP. creates a two tier system of MP's. Used for Scotland and Welsh Assemblies

Back

AMS - definition and where it is used

Card 3

Front

Closed Party List. A proporitonal voting system. the party choses the order of the candidates on the ballot. Used for European elections

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

First Past the Post. Single Pluarlity Sytem. The party chose the candidate on the ballot. Used for UK Local and General Elections

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Single Transferable Vote. Proportional system. Used for Northern Ireland Assembly.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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