UK Constitution

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AV Dicey
Work of Authority on the the twin Pillars of a legitimate democray, Rule of Law and Parliamentry soverignty.
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"Dignified"/"Effecient parts of the constitution
Well respected parts of the constitution. Politicians turn to them in times of crisis when they need a quick solution. e.g. creating the coalition in 2010 when there was a hung parliament.
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Peicemeal reform
Reform that takes place bit by bit rather than one group of reforms taking place at the same time. e.g. devolotion happened over time.
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Bill of Rights
Formal declaration of the lagal rights of a citizen in any country or state. The Uk does not have one. Politicians have suggested a British Bill of Rights
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Charles de Montesquieu
Work Of Authority - Seperation of Powers. Used in the US. Semi-sepereation in UK
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Fusion of Powers
term coined by british constitution expert Bagehot. describe how power is not seperated.
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Codified
Written down in one document, that is the single authority. US have one. UK don't
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Common Law
Law developed from judicial precedent and tradition rather than statue law.
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Constitution
Establishes Political power in a country.
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Constitutional reform act 2005.
Created the supreme court as the highest court of appeal. Got rid of the Law Lords as jdicial figures Established Appointments of Judges through the judicial appointments committee, rather than by the queen on advice from the lord chancellor.
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Conventions
Unwritten Law. Derives from tradition. Treated with the same respect as statute law. Salisbury convention, ensure the HofL don't challenge policy that was in the government manifesto.
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ECHR
European convention on Human Rights. entrenched into law by HRA 1998. Allows judges to declare acts of parlaiment incompatible with the ECHR.
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Entrenched
This means it is secured and is difficult to change. 2nd ammendment in US bill of rights
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European Law
A Law established by the EU. Treaty of Rome claims that european law is superior to UK law.
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West Lothain Question
English Votes for English Laws. Question grown out of devoloution, and especially contreversial at time of Scottish independence referendum.
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Quazi-Federalism
Power is taken from central government to give to state government. Quazi-federal system developed in UK due to devoloution
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Freedom of Information Act
2000. gave the public the right to see official government papers that are not classified. Lead to expences scandal and helped reveal some of the police coverup from hilsborough disaster
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Human Rights Act
1998. entrenched ECHR into UK law. Gave judges power to declare actions imcompatible with the ECHR. e.g. Belmarsh Case 2004.
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Organic change
UK constitution in uncodified, so it can be changed over time, to CRA 2005.
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Parliamentary sovereignty
Where legal soverignty resides in national parliament. One of AV Diceys twin Pillars
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Pooled sovereignty
Where power is shared between countries. e.g. EU
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Popular Sovereignty
POwer given from the people to the representatives in an election. Therefore Parliamentary soverignty is sustained by popular sovereignty from the people
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Royal Prerogative
Powers traditionaly held by the Queen which are now held by the PM. e.g. Patronange powers to apoint people to cabinet. Also declare war (but DC did not use for syria)
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Rule Of Law
All Citicens are treated equally inder the law. ONe of AV diceys twin pillars.
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Unitary
All Parlaimentary soverignty resides in one place. Opposite of federalsim where power is disributed through different levels of government.
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Statute Law/Act of Parliament
Laws made by parliament, whcih establish constitutional rules. e.g. devoloution
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Well respected parts of the constitution. Politicians turn to them in times of crisis when they need a quick solution. e.g. creating the coalition in 2010 when there was a hung parliament.

Back

"Dignified"/"Effecient parts of the constitution

Card 3

Front

Reform that takes place bit by bit rather than one group of reforms taking place at the same time. e.g. devolotion happened over time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Formal declaration of the lagal rights of a citizen in any country or state. The Uk does not have one. Politicians have suggested a British Bill of Rights

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Work Of Authority - Seperation of Powers. Used in the US. Semi-sepereation in UK

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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