UK Acts, Regulations and Orders

  • Created by: Blodwyn
  • Created on: 06-08-17 10:59
List the 3 titles that Parliament consists of
The Sovereign, The House of Lords & The House of Commons
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Explain the two consultative & policy documents that circulate within the Parliamentary system
Green Papers & White Papers
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Explain the purpose of a Green Paper
A statement of government intent. It is printed on green paper & is different from a white paper because its contents are of a more tentative nature & its object is to seek opinion & feedback on proposals.
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Explain the purpose of a White Paper
Statement of Government Policy presented to Parliament, indicating the broad lines of the legislation the government intends to introduce. Printed on white paper, its contents provide factual basis for parliamentary debate.
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List the 5 steps of a bill on its passage through the House of Commons or The House of Lords
First Reading, Second Reading, Committee Stage, Report Stage & Third Reading
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Explain the purpose of the First Reading of a Bill
Formal affair where the title is read by the Clerk of the House. At this stage the Bill is a brief document names of members presenting & supporting it and there is no debate. Bill is printed & date set for next reading.
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Explain the purpose of the Second Reading of a Bill
This stage involves discussion of the Bill's principles. If it fails at this stage, it cannot proceed any further.
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Explain the purpose of the Committee Stage of a Bill
Committee stage is where the bill is subject to close scrutiny. Amendments are allowed at this stage of the proceedings.
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List the 3 types of Committee in the Committee Stage of a Bill
Standing Committee of a small number of MP's (20-50 members), Select Committee made up on the basis of political parties, Committee of the Whole House.
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Explain the purpose of the Report Stage of a Bill
Report stage is a formality if the bill has not been amended at the committee stage and the bill can move directly to the third reading. If it has been amended at the committee stage the report stage may refer it back to standing or select committee
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Explain the purpose of the Third Reading of a Bill
This is more or less a formality if the Bill has survived this far. If voted on favorably at this stage
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Explain the process after the Third Reading of a Bill
The Bill is passed to the other house where it passes through a similar procedure. If the House of Lords wishes to amend the Bill it is returned to the Commons for agreement. The Lords has only limited power to reject a bill.
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Explain what The Parliament Act 1911 states regarding a bill that has passed through the Commons procedures
Any Public Bill which has passed through the Commons procedures & which has been certified by the Speaker as a Bill proposing financial measures must be passed by the Lords without amendment within one month.
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If The House of Lords does not pass a bill, what happens?
If not passed by the Lords within this time limit, the Bill receives the Royal Assent and becomes law without their agreement.
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Except for bills proposing financial measures, explain the power the House of Lords has
The Lords have the power to delay any other Bill for 12 months, but they cannot prevent it from ultimately becoming Law.
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Explain how Regulations can be made from a H&S perspective.
Section 15 of HSWA gives the power to make Regulations under the Act to the Secretary of State.
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Explain the purpose of Regulatory Reform Orders
These are issued as a type of Statutory Instrument just like regulations and are used to remove / amend / consolidate legislation that is considered burdensome so long as the level of protection is not reduced.
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Explain the purpose of a Commencement Order
Issued as another type of Statutory Instrument, these bring into force a particular part of an Act that was not given immediate effect at the time the Act received Royal Assent.
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Explain the purpose of Orders in Council
There are occasions when ordinary statutory instruments are not appropriate. These are another form of delegated legislation and are used to give the force of law to administrative regulations drawn up by a Government department.
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List 4 considerations that should be made when analysing the socio-technical cost-benefits of proposed legislation or regulatory change
Description of industries affected, An estimate of the cost of compliance, Analyses of the economic & other impacts associated with the changes, Evaluation of the risks addressed
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Explain the two consultative & policy documents that circulate within the Parliamentary system

Back

Green Papers & White Papers

Card 3

Front

Explain the purpose of a Green Paper

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Explain the purpose of a White Paper

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

List the 5 steps of a bill on its passage through the House of Commons or The House of Lords

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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