Typologies and Why cults and sects are short lived

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  • Created by: Bvr
  • Created on: 23-04-16 13:49
Wallis - Typologies of New Religious Movement's
World Rejecting; World Accommodating; World Affirming
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World Rejecting
Critical of outside world and controlling of every aspect of member's life (limited contact with outside world and form of communal living). SECT
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World Accommodating
Branch of existing church or denomination, normal and respectable of lives outside of church/denomination
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World Affirming
Lack some features of religion; wide membership with low commitment; tolerant of other religions CULT
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Church
Communal place of worship, large open membership, God(s), holy scripture and rules (CofE; Islam; Judaism; Hinduism)
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Denomination
A Sect that's 'cooled down' and is no longer a protest group (Becker) ; The Moonies; Quakers; Mormons; Baptists; Methodists
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Cult
Low commitment, large open membership, specific purpose, world affirming, pay for services (Scientology; TM; Yoga; Crystal Healing)
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Sect
Form as a break away group from mainstream organisation after disagreement occurs, total commitment, vow of poverty, charismatic leader (jim Jones; Strong City; ISIS)
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Neibuhr
The Second Generation; Born into a sect and lack commitment, The protestant ethic; Practise handwork and saving become more prosperous and upwardly mobile compromise with the world, Death of leader; sect either ends or becomes a denomination
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Starke and Bainbridge - The Sectarian Cycle, 5 Stages
Schism, break away to find a world rejecting sect; Initial fervour, immediate devotion and total commitment but becomes less world rejecting; Protestant ethic and second gen members; No longer a fervour and becomes world accepting; New schism
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Wilson
Conversionist Sects - Aim to convert large groups, likely to develop into more formal denominations Adventist Sects; Separate themselves from corrupt world around them to be saved (Amish). Prevents them from becoming a denomination
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Postmodernity and New age Cults
Science promised progress but instead bought war. People lost faith in experts and reject meta-narratives; NAM's can help find truths by looking within rather than to a higher power
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Bruce/Heelas - Late modernity and New Age Cults
Bruce - Spiritual shopping gives access to a mix of religions ; Heelas - Source of identity, consumer culture means you don't have to attend continuously, you can attend when you want, technology opened up other ways of practising, less organised
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Card 2

Front

Critical of outside world and controlling of every aspect of member's life (limited contact with outside world and form of communal living). SECT

Back

World Rejecting

Card 3

Front

Branch of existing church or denomination, normal and respectable of lives outside of church/denomination

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Lack some features of religion; wide membership with low commitment; tolerant of other religions CULT

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Communal place of worship, large open membership, God(s), holy scripture and rules (CofE; Islam; Judaism; Hinduism)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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