Typhoon Haiyan GCSE AQA Case Study

When did it happen?
7th November 2013
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How many people died?
6,190 people died- Social
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How many people were affected?
14.1 million people were affected of which 4.8 million already lived in poverty- Social
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How many homes were destroyed?
Over 11 million homes and buildings were destroyed- Social
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How many people were made homeless?
4.1 million people made homeless- Social
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What was another social effect?
Looting was rife as survivors fought for food and supplies
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What was the overall estimated economic impact?
The overall economic impact of is estimated at $12 billion- Economic
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What were two transport effects?
The airport was badly damaged and roads were blocked by trees and debris- Economic
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How many crops were destroyed?
1.1 million tonnes of crops were destroyed- Economic
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How much of the GDP was made up of farming specific crops? What are three examples of these crops?
Coconut, rice and sugarcane production made up 12.7% of the Philippines GDP before Typhoon Haiyan hit- Economic
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What had just ended when Typhoon Haiyan hit? What did this cause?
The harvest season had just ended before Typhoon Haiyan struck, but rice and seed stocks were lost in the storm surges- Economic
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What did the damage to rice cost?
US$53 million- Economic
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How many farmers and fishermen lost their income?
Three quarters- Economic
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What did the UN total the recovery costs for fishing and farming?
US$724 million.-Economic
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How much did the cost of rice rise by? When did this happen?
Rice prices rose by 12% by 2014-Economic
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How much of the City of Tacloban was destroyed?
90% of the City of Tacloban was destroyed.-Environmental
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Where is the City of Tacloban?
The Eastern Philippines
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Where did Typhoon Haiyan hit? Where was worst hit?
Southern Asia- worst impacted was Philippines.
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What were some reasons the Philippines was so badly affected?
With a high population density and many people living in poorly constructed wooden buildings, the Philippines was severely affected by Typhoon Haiyan
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What happened on the 3rd November 2013?
A low pressure system developed into a troipcal depression over the Western Pacific Ocean.
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What happened on the 7th of November?
The tropical depression developed over warm water reaching wind speeds of 190mph
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What did the Typhoon hit the Philippines with?
A five metre high storm surge and 400 millimetres of heavy rainfall flooding 1km inland
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Where did the Typhoon Haiyan go after the Philippines?
Westerly over the South China Sea and dissipating over Vietnam and China.
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What was run aground and what did it cause?
An oil barge ran aground causing an 800,000 litre oil leak.
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What was contaminated? How much?
10 hectares of mangroves were contaminated as well as fishing waters.
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What was Groundwater contaminated with?
Groundwater was contaminated with sea water and chemicals from industry as a result of the flooding.
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How many people were evacuated?
800,000 people were evacuated.
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Where did many people sought refuge?
Many sought refuge in an indoor stadium in Tacloban. Unfortunately, they died when it was flooded.
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What did the government ensure?
The government ensured that essential equipment and medical supplies were sent out.
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What happened to some supplies?
Were washed away in a region
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What was supplied by plane and when?
Emergency aid was supplied 3 days, once the main airport was reopened
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What happened within two weeks?
Within two weeks over 1 million food packs and 250,000 litres of water were distributed.
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What was imposed after 2 days?
A curfew was imposed after 2 days to reduce looting.
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How many countries helped?
Thirty three countries and international organisations pledged help with rescue operations at an estimated US$88.8 million.
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What did Large companies do?
Large companies used their status to raise money and more than US$1.5 billion was pledged in foreign aid.
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When did the country start working towards long term development?
In July 2014, the Philippine government declared it was working toward the country’s long term recovery.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

6,190 people died- Social

Back

How many people died?

Card 3

Front

14.1 million people were affected of which 4.8 million already lived in poverty- Social

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Over 11 million homes and buildings were destroyed- Social

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

4.1 million people made homeless- Social

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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