Types of Pressure Groups

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Sectional
Aims to look after the interests of a particular section of society.
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Cause
These can either be single cause or wider cause groups. They may have limited-objectives or broader, long-term objectives.
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Peak/Umbrella
Organisations that aim to promote the interests of a range of similar or smaller groups. They may tend to represent sectional groups. For example, the Trade Union Congress (TUC).
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Episodic
These groups are not usually politically active but become so for a short period of time, such as residents association campaigning against a road or building that could affect the area.
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Fire Brigade
These are formed to deal with a specific problem and are often disbanded when a solution to the problem is reached.
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Permanent
These are groups set up to deal with a particular situation but remain in existence to continue fundraising to deal with future threats. An example is Oxfam which was set-up in 1942.
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Captive
These groups are dependent on government, either because they benefit from state funding or because the government played a part in their creation. For example, the Equality and Human Rights Comission set up in 2006 after the Equality Act.
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Insider
These have a status and position within the political system and use their methods to gain influence. They are often consulted by the government and parties in the early stages of a policy applicable to their cause.
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Outsider
Groups that are unable to gain recognition from the government or do not wish to be closely associated with the government.
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Card 2

Front

Cause

Back

These can either be single cause or wider cause groups. They may have limited-objectives or broader, long-term objectives.

Card 3

Front

Peak/Umbrella

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Episodic

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Fire Brigade

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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