Types of Lexical Change

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BORROWING
When words are borrowed from other languages. Typically related to objects and foods not found in the culture of the borrowing language.
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AFFIXATION
When prefixes and/or suffixes are added to the beginning or end of a previously existing word e.g. the addition of prefix 'hyper' to make 'hyperactive', 'hypersensitive', 'hyperspace'
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COMPOUNDING
When two separate words are put together to form a new word with different meaning e.g. handbag, Facebook
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BLENDING
When two separate words are merged together to form a new word e.g. ginormous (gigantic+enormous)
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CONVERSION
When an existing word sees a shift in word class e.g. the noun 'text' becoming the verb 'to text', the verb 'twitter' becoming the noun 'Twitter'
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CLIPPING
When more or more syllables is dropped to form an abbreviation of the same word e.g. parents to 'rents
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ACRONYMS
Words formed from the initial letter of each word of a phrase, pronounced how they are spelled e.g. NASA, AWOL
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INITIALISMS
Similar to an acronym, except each letter is pronounced separately e.g. FBI, MIA
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Card 2

Front

When prefixes and/or suffixes are added to the beginning or end of a previously existing word e.g. the addition of prefix 'hyper' to make 'hyperactive', 'hypersensitive', 'hyperspace'

Back

AFFIXATION

Card 3

Front

When two separate words are put together to form a new word with different meaning e.g. handbag, Facebook

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

When two separate words are merged together to form a new word e.g. ginormous (gigantic+enormous)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

When an existing word sees a shift in word class e.g. the noun 'text' becoming the verb 'to text', the verb 'twitter' becoming the noun 'Twitter'

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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