Tudor Rebellions

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What were the 5 main rebellions?
·Pilgrimage of Grace ·Western Rebellion ·Kett's Rebellion ·Wyatt's Rebellion ·Northern Earls
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When and how big was the Pilgrimage of Grace?
·1536 ·30,000+
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When and how big was the Western Rebellion?
·1549 ·6,000 armed rebels
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When and how big was the Kett's Rebellion?
·1549 ·16,000
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When and how big was the Wyatt's Rebellion?
·1554 ·3,000
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When and how big was the Northern Earls rebellion?
·1569 ·6,000
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What were the main causes of the Pilgrimage of Grace?
·R: break with Rome, dissolution of monasteries ·S: enclosure, taxes on sheep and cattle, entry fines, poor harvests ·E: Statute of Uses ·P: removal of 'evil advisers' (Cranmer & Riche), restoration of Mary's legitimacy
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What were the main causes of the Western rebellion?
·R: concern over William Body's church investigations, destruction of Church images, introduction of Prayer Book, wanted a return to Catholic practises & 6 Articles ·S: taxes on sheep, cattle & cloth, high food prices ·E: social causes & inflation
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What were the main causes of the Kett's rebellion?
·R: incompetent clergy ·S: enclosure, unemployment, land dispute (local abbey) with Flowerdew, increased rents, rack-renting ·E: slump in cloth trade ·P: inefficiency of gov to deal with enclosure, discontent with local gov
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WWhat were the main causes of the Wyatt's rebellion?
·R: did not want a Catholic restoration ·S: widespread xenophobia, economic makes people less tolerant of change ·E: decline in cloth industry ·P: did not want Mary to marry a foreigner- fear about influence on government, local political instability,
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What were the main causes of the Northern Earls rebellion?
·R: did not want a Protestant reformation, leading nobles & gentry in North were Catholic ·S: many involved were retainers of the Earls, many joined out of fear ·P: Northern Earls' loss of political power, dislike of Cecil, Mary Queen of Scots
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Was the Pilgrimage of Grace a serious threat- YES?
·10,000 people joined Lincolnshire rising ·30,000 joined Aske for Pilgrimage of Grace ·Lord Darcy handed over Pontefract castle (most important fortress in the North) ·disciplined leadership ·support from nobility ·gov were caught off guard
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Was the Pilgrimage of Grace a serious threat- NO?
·Aske ensured that all foods were paid for and no murders were committed
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Was the Western Rebellion a serious threat- YES?
·huge geographic extent (23 counties) ·10,000 people died ·largest factor leading to Somerset's downfall ·sizeable armies ·limited forces to begin with due to problems elsewhere ·gentry lost control quickly
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Was the Western Rebellion a serious threat- NO?
·demands and actions of the rebels not intended to threaten the established order ·no march on London ·no alternative to Edward named ·no call for equality of classes
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Was the Kett's Rebellion a serious threat- YES?
·huge geographic extent (23 counties) ·10,000 people died ·largest factor leading to Somerset's downfall ·sizeable armies ·limited forces to begin with due to problems elsewhere ·size & speed of rebels
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Was the Kett's Rebellion a serious threat- NO?
·demands and actions of the rebels not intended to threaten the established order ·no march on London ·no alternative to Edward named ·no call for equality of classes
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Was the Wyatt's Rebellion a serious threat- YES?
·gentry involvement ·Earl of Devon ·Wyatt raised 2500 men whilst Mary's council could not agree what to do ·Norfolk's troops joined Wyatt ·rebellion reached London ·motive of some was to overthrow Queen ·French support
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Was the Wyatt's Rebellion a serious threat- NO?
·most rebels did not intend to overthrow Mary ·Mary had foiled Northumberland's plot 6 months earlier & had popular support ·Orthodox Protestant leaders did not get involved ·lots of support for Mary
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Was the Northern Earls Rebellion a serious threat- YES?
·involvement of leading families (e.g. Norfolk, Northumberland, Westmoreland) ·3800 foot soldiers ·1600 horsemen ·managed to control all territory to east of Pennines ·Sussex had trouble raising opposing army ·possible support of Spanish
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Was the Northern Earls Rebellion a serious threat- NO?
·many rebels torn between local loyalty national loyalty ·Philip of Spain didn't support ·Earls turned back (rumours of opposing force) ·impossible to free Mary Queen of Scots ·limited support ·appeals to Catholic nobility failed
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Did the Pilgrimage of Grace have poor leadership?
·Yes- Lincolnshire: Gentry ran for cover & commons collapsed into confusion when Suffolk approached, Sir Francis Bigod's scheme failed ·NO- Aske provided disciplined leadership
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Did the Kett's Rebellion have poor leadership?
·YES- Kett refused to accept a full pardon on 3 occasions, fatal decision to abandon fortified position on Household Heath led to their defeat, 3000 rebels killed ·NO- Kett managed to capture and recapture Norwich
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Did the Wyatt's Rebellion have poor leadership?
·YES- Courtenay weak and confessed easily, French did not seize opportunity to invade, events moved too fast for the conspirators (brought forward 2 months)
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Did the Northern Earls Rebellion have poor leadership?
·YES- the Earls turned back when they heard rumours of a massive force being summoned against them, Philip of Spain didn't support, rebellion was poorly planned & lacked coherent programme, Northumberland had no time to mobilise his tenants
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Did any government action take place with the Pilgrimage of Grace?
·YES- Henry played for time, sending delegations to meet rebels, mass retribution was carried out by Henry after Henry Bigod's rising ·NO- government caught off guard
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Did any government action take place with the Western Rebellion?
·YES- Russell avoided confrontation, rebels later pushed back with help of Lord Grey's support, reinforcements of William Herbert ·NO- limited resources at first, only a small army given to Lord Russell, loyal inhabitants of Exeter held out against rebels
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Did any government action take place with the Kett's Rebellion?
·YES- Northumberland defeated rebels with 12000 men ·NO- small army at first (1800), negotiations failed twice, Northampton turned a popular demonstration into a full scale rebellion
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Did any government action take place with the Wyatt's Rebellion?
·YES- Mary's rousing speech won support of Londoners, Mary didn't use Spanish troops, Mary waited for rebels in London rather than send forces ·NO- Duke of Norfolk failed to stop rebels en route to London
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Did any government action take place with the Northern Earls Rebellion?
·YES- government officials contained the rebellion & held key towns ·NO- Sussex had trouble raising an army to oppose rebels
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Who were the key individuals of the Pilgrimage of Grace?
·Sir Richard Rich ·Charles Brandon- Duke of Suffolk ·John Hussey ·Robert Aske ·Thomas, Lord Darcey ·Sir Robert Constable
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Who were the key individuals of the Western/ Prayer Book Rebellion?
·Lord John Russell ·John Hooper
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Who were the key individuals of the Kett's Rebellion?
·Robert Kett ·John Flowerdew
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Who were the key individuals of the Wyatt's Rebellion?
·Sir James Croft ·Sir Peter Carew ·Sir Thomas Wyatt ·Edward Courtenay ·John Proctor
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Who were the key individuals of the Northern Earls Rebellion?
·William Cecil ·Earls of Northumberland (Thomas Percy) ·Westmoreland (Charles Neville) ·Thomas Radcliffe
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What were the general reasons for rebellions occurring?
·Tudor England had no police force or a standing army ·the 'divine right' to rule enabled the monarch to command the respect of his people ·monarchy relied on the unpaid services of local gentry & nobility to uphold & enforce the law
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How did Somerset make England more Protestant?
·corresponded with John Calvin ·had support of Dudley & was well respected by English Army
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Who was John Calvin?
He rejected the organisation of the Medieval Church as contrary to the New Testament ·believed the Church and state should be separate ·absolute power & supremacy of God
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When and how big was the Pilgrimage of Grace?

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·1536 ·30,000+

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When and how big was the Western Rebellion?

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When and how big was the Kett's Rebellion?

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When and how big was the Wyatt's Rebellion?

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