Tudor History Henry VII

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In 1471 at the age of 14, where did Henry move to to begin his preparation for kingship and whom was his guardian?
Exile in Brittany under the guardianship of Jasper Tudor (uncle)
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Who did he have the backing of in 1485 when he began the bid for the English throne?
King of France
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When was the Battle of Bosworth?
22nd August 1485
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How did Henry unite the two families -the Yorkists and Lancastrians?
Marriage to Elizabeth of York
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What made Henry's claim to the throne strong?
Double birthright. Mother-Margaret Beaufort (Lancaster) Father's side-Grandfather married Henry V widow
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Why did Henry set sail for the WELSH coast?
He knew this would be where he could muster the most support for battle (being a Welshman)
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Where did he land first and when?
Milford Haven, 7th August
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Why did Henry proclaim himself king of England the day before the battle of Bosworth!?
Because it gave him opportunity to treat all those who fought against him as traitors.
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What title was his uncle Jasper rewarded with?
Duke of Bedford
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What did Henry not give throughout his reign and how did he reward people instead?
Gifts & rewarded them with positions instead
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What was Henry's main aim in government?
To neutralise opponents (so as not to alienate them) (he didn't get rid of all the Yorkists as many predicted)
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Who stayed in parliament as a consequence of neutralising opponents?
Thomas Howard
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Name two new people who were appointed into Henry's government
John de Vere & Richard Fox
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What 2 things did Henry use parliament to do for him in 1485?
1) Swear an oath of allegiance to him 2) Raise taxes
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What connection did Elizabeth, Henry's Queen have to the previous king? (Richard III)
She was Richard III's niece (Elder sister of the two missing princes)
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Why did their marriage have to be delayed?
As far as the church was concerned, they were too closely related to marry without papal dispensation. (Elizabeth's grandmother was a Beaufort)
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When did they get married?
16th January 1486
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Who were the two pretenders?
Lambert Simnel & Perkin Warbeck
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Who was Lambert Simnel and who did he pretend to be?
He was a dead ringer for the Earl of Warwick and so he claimed to be the grandson of Edward IV
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Who did he secure support from?
Margaret of Burgundy (always a supporter of Yorkist claimants) & John de la Pole
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Where did Simnel land after he was crowned king of England in Ireland?
The Lancashire coast (where the families that had supported Richard III and had suffered hardship under Henry met him.)
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When did Simnel's forces meet the kings army in stoke?
24th May 1487 (where they suffered complete defeat)
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When was Simnel finally handed over to Henry?
1497
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What was the large flaw in Simnel's plans?
The real Earl of Warwick had been in Henry's custody since he became king.
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What was the suggestion about how Perkin Warbeck's plot came about?
"his silk wearing exploits so impressed the townsfolk that they assumed he was the Earl of Warwick"
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Who were the key foreigners that played with a vested interest in Henry's downfall? (2)
Margaret of Burgundy and Charles VIII of France
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Card 2

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Who did he have the backing of in 1485 when he began the bid for the English throne?

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King of France

Card 3

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When was the Battle of Bosworth?

Back

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Card 4

Front

How did Henry unite the two families -the Yorkists and Lancastrians?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What made Henry's claim to the throne strong?

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