Tudor Society

How many commoners were there in Henry VII's reign?
2 million
1 of 42
Why was social contentment relatively high for Henry VII?
Real wages increased, and there were no subsistence crises.
2 of 42
What type of farming dominated in the West under Henry VII?
Pastoral farming.
3 of 42
What were the consequences of a growing demand for wool?
Enclosure and engrossing.
4 of 42
What percentage of exports were cloth in Henry VII's reign??
90%.
5 of 42
Which countries dominated metallurgy and shipbuilding under Henry VII, undermining English industries?
Metallurge = German, Spanish = shipbuilding.
6 of 42
What were some prosperous cloth towns in England under Henry VII?
Lavenham and Lewes.
7 of 42
Name some small scale industries under Henry VII.
weaving, brewing and mining tin and coal.
8 of 42
Why were the Merchant Adventurers unable to compete with the Hanseatic League?
Henry put dynastic interests first, making treaties in 1474 and 1504.
9 of 42
Why was the economy doing alright under Henry VII?
Steady wages and prices.
10 of 42
How many troops did the Earl of Shrewesbury raise for the 1513 French invasion?
4000.
11 of 42
Name 3 nobles that were executed by Henry VIII.
Lords Darcy and Hurrey, the Earl of Exeter, Margaret Pole, the Marquisse of Salisbury, the Duke of Buckingham.
12 of 42
What happened to the gentry class under Henry VIII?
Increased to 5000 families.
13 of 42
What triggered the re-establishment of the Council of the North under Henry VIII?
The Pilgrimage of Grace.
14 of 42
Where were the Palatinates?
Lancashire, Cheshire and Durham.
15 of 42
What was imported more during Henry VIII's reign?
Wine.
16 of 42
Name evidence that social mobility increased un Henry VIII's reign. due to the cloth industry.
William Stumpe, MP for Malmesbury.
17 of 42
How much did export in cloth rise under Henry VIII?
Doubled.
18 of 42
What areas benefitted from the growth of the cloth industry under Henry VIII?
East Anglia, West Country, and the West Riding of Yorkshire.
19 of 42
What benefitted the economy under Henry VIII?
increase in farming incomes due to engrossing and the short term boom caused by debasement.
20 of 42
What negatively impacted the economy under Henry VIII?
Bad harvests 1527-29 and 20-21, bigger population, decline in real wages, debasement, urban poverty
21 of 42
Name four negative impacts to the economy under Somerset's Protectorate.
Inflation, taxation for war, sheep tax, enclosure.
22 of 42
What did Northumberland do to try to help the economy?
Brought an end to war, the French pension, and slowing debasement.
23 of 42
What impact did the dissolusion of the monasteries have on the poor?
The loss of charitable functions, and less money left to the church for fear of its confiscation.
24 of 42
What happened to the cloth industry in the Mid-Tudor crisis period?
Declined.
25 of 42
What was the name of the plan for boosting the economy that Mary couldn't implement before her death?
Book of Rates, 1558.
26 of 42
What happened between 1555-8 that had a devastating impact on the economy? (two)
Harvest failures and outbreak of sweating sickness.
27 of 42
What is proof that there were some people of humbler status that followed Protestantism enthusiastically under Mary?
They were the bulk of the victims in Mary's burnings.
28 of 42
How many people were under 25 in Elizabethan society?
54%.
29 of 42
Name evidence that Elizabeth made distinctions between the deserving and undeserving poor.
Act for the Punishment of Rogues, 1598
30 of 42
Name evidence that Elizabeth tried to create stability in wages.
Statute of Artificers, 1563.
31 of 42
When were the two Acts for the Relief of the Poor?
1576, 1598.
32 of 42
Why was there a Rising in the 1590s?
Harvest failures and rising prices.
33 of 42
Name two building projects by wealthy nobles.
Burghley and Wilton in Wiltshire.
34 of 42
Name evidence that more luxury goods were imported in Elizabethan times.
Westmorland man's inventory: French garters and Spanish silk.
35 of 42
What were alternative trade routes to Antwerp found? (two)
German port of Emden, Amsterdam.
36 of 42
Who benefited most during Elizabeth's reign?
Wealthy landowners, as landed incomes rose, and farmers.
37 of 42
What happened to real wages in Elizabeth's reign?
They fell.
38 of 42
How much of cloth exports went through London in Elizabeth's reign?
93%
39 of 42
Why did the nobility invest in London more?
It was the political and cultural centre of England.
40 of 42
Which ports flourished as well as London?
Bristol and Exeter.
41 of 42
Which towns prove the decline caused by London wasn't irreversible?
Worchester and Norwich.
42 of 42

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why was social contentment relatively high for Henry VII?

Back

Real wages increased, and there were no subsistence crises.

Card 3

Front

What type of farming dominated in the West under Henry VII?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the consequences of a growing demand for wool?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What percentage of exports were cloth in Henry VII's reign??

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all British monarchy - Tudors and Stuarts resources »