Tsunamis-Case study

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There is a destructive plate margin along the west coast of?
Indonesia in the Indian Ocean
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When was the Sumatra earthquake?
26th December 2004
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Where was it and what was the measure?
west coast of the island of Sumatra measuring around 9.1 on the Richter scale
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The plate that's moving down into the mantle cracked and moved very quickly, which caused?
a lot of water to be displaced
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This triggered?
A tsunami with waves up to 30m high
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The Indian Ocean tsunami was one of the most destructive natural disasters ever happened , it affected most countries bordering the Indian Ocean, for example?
Indonesia, Thailand , India , Sri Lanka
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How many people were killed or missing?
230000 people
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What happened to the towns and villages?
They were destroyed and over 1.7 million people lost their homes
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The infrastructure of many counties were?
severely damged
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5-6 million needed?
emergency food, water and medical supplies
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There was massive economic damage. Millions of ______ lost their livelihoods and the tourism industry suffered because?
fishermen and of the destruction and because people were afraid to go on holiday there
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How was their a massive environmental change?
Salt from the seawater has meant plants can't grow in many areas. Mangroves, coral reefs, forests and sand dunes were also destroyed by the waves
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What were the two short term responses?
1)Within days hundreds of millions of pounds had been pledged by foreign governments , charities , individuals , and businesses to access food, water shelter and medical attention 2)Forgen countries sent ships, planes, soldiers, and food
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What are the 2 long term responses?
1)Billions of punds have been pledged to help re-build the infrastructure of the countries affected. 2)As well as money, programmes have been set up to re-build houses and help people get back to work
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What are the 2 long term responses?
1)A tsunami warning system has been put in place in the Indian Ocean. 2)Disaster management plans have been put in place in some countries. Volunteers have been trained so that local people know what to do if a tsunami happens again
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When was the Sumatra earthquake?

Back

26th December 2004

Card 3

Front

Where was it and what was the measure?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The plate that's moving down into the mantle cracked and moved very quickly, which caused?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

This triggered?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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