Tsarist Russia - general facts

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Who once said that Russia was 'a riddle wrapped inside an enigma "?
Winston Churchill
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How wide was the Russian empire in 1855
6000 miles East to West.
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What were Russia's two largest cities?
St Petersburg and Moscow
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What percentage of the population lived in towns and cities in 1855
100,000 people
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How many people lived in Russia in 1855?
About 70 million
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What is the term for unlimited government by one person?
Autocracy
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Why was the Russian Orthodox Church important to Tsarism?
Preached unquestioning loyalty to authority: supporter of the Tsars" Many senior members were members of the government or policy advisers: divine right of Tsars.
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What is the name of the main and general main railway route that runs across Russia to the pacific
Trans- Siberian railway.
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Who was once described as 'the best prepared heir the Russian throne ever had'?
Alexander II
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What was Alexander II's nickname
Tsar liberator
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Give 3 reasons why serfdom was abolished
Prevented growth of Russian industry because peasants weren't free to travel to work in factories; prevented modern methods of agriculture: defeat in Crimean War showed need for healthier recruits to army.
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Give 4 examples of reforms: introduced by Alexander II
Emancipation of Serfdom (1861): Military reform e.g. ending of military colonies: introduction of elected assemblies (zemstva): reform of legal system, e.g. introduction of juries.
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Card 2

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How wide was the Russian empire in 1855

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6000 miles East to West.

Card 3

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What were Russia's two largest cities?

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Card 4

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What percentage of the population lived in towns and cities in 1855

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Card 5

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How many people lived in Russia in 1855?

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