TSA

The Psycho-dynamic Approach (AO1)
The Psycho-dynamic Approach (AO1)
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Summarise Freuds role of the unconscious mind
Freud suggested that repressed thoughts from our childhood are locked away in the unconscious mind. So many of our actions may have hidden purposes or meanings.
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What are the 3 components of the structure of personality?
1. ID 2. Superego 3. Ego
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Summarise the role of the ID
Animalistic instincts, what we want, impulses . For example, the drive to find food when we are hungry
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Summarise the role of the superego
It is morality. Our sense of right or wrong.
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Summarise the role of the ego
It plays the role of mediating between the impulsive demands of the ID and reality of the external world.
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How do the 3 components work together?
Behaviour is a result of a compromise between the three parts of the psyche (personality)
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Why does the ego sometimes require use of the defence mechanisms?
The ego has a difficult job balancing the demands of the ID and superego so it gets help from the defence mechanisms. The ego uses them to prevent us becoming aware of our unconcious
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What are the 3 types of defence mechanisms?
1. Repression 2. Denial 3. Displacement
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Define Repression
Forcing a distressing memory our of the conscious mind
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Define Denial
Not accepting that an event has occured
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Define displacement
Transferring feeling from true source of distressing emotion to a substitute target.
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Summarise the concept of Freud's psycho sexual stages
He believed personality developed in 5 stages. Each stage has a conflict the child must resolve. When they resolve it they move onto the next stage. If a stage is left unsolved it leads to FIXATION.
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What happens during fixation?
A child carrys out certain behaviours related to the stage that they are stuck at.
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Summarise stage 1
Oral (0-1years) Focus of pleasure is the mouth, mothers breat is the object of desire. Consequence- oral fixation, smoking,biting nails,sarcastic+critical
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Summarise Stage 2
Anal (1-3 years) Focus of pleasure is the . Child gains pleasure from withholding faeces. Consequence- Anal explusive, thoughtless, messy
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What are some evaluation points for the psycho dynamic approach?
1. Treatment applications 2. Gender Biased 3. Untestable concepts 4.Deterministic
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Summarise treatment applications from the psycho-dynamic approach
Led to Psychoanalysis. Uses a range of techniques to tackle the unconscious. Research also suggest psychoanalysis significantly improves symptoms.
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Summarise how the approach suffers from gender bias
Freuds view on women were less developed than his views on men. He suggested femininity was failed masculinity. Dismissing females is problematic when applying his theories.
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Summarise how the approach has untestable concepts
Many of Freuds ideas such as the ID appear at the unconcious level. This makes it difficult and maybe impossible to test them
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Summarise how the approach is deterministic
It suggest Id, ego and superego influence our behaviour. However we have no direct control over this so therefore, are losing free-will
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Summarise Freuds role of the unconscious mind

Back

Freud suggested that repressed thoughts from our childhood are locked away in the unconscious mind. So many of our actions may have hidden purposes or meanings.

Card 3

Front

What are the 3 components of the structure of personality?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Summarise the role of the ID

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Summarise the role of the superego

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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