TRUAN CARDS

Skill
The leanred ability to bring about a pre-determined result using the minimum outlay of energy time or both
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Open skill
Skill performed in a predictable environment e.g. pass in football
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Closed skill
Skill performed in a unpredictable environment e.g. shot putt
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Gross skill
A skill using large muscle groups e.g. rugby tackle
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Fine skill
A skill using smaller muscle groups e.g. table tennis
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Self-paced skill
Performer has control over the start and speed of the skill e.g. penalty
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Externally-paced skill
Performer doesn't have control over the start and speed of the skill e.g. sailing
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Discrete skill
Clear beginning and end e.g. tennis serve
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Serial skill
Contains several discrete skills to make a integrated movement e.g. gymnastics
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Low Organised skill
Easily broken down into parts e.g. swimming stroke
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High Organised skill
Not easily broken down into parts e.g.volley football
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Simple skill
Few decisions when being performed e.g. forward roll
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Complex skill
Requires decision making lots of information when performed e.g. hockey dribble
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Transfer
Effect of learning and performance of a skill on the learning of the performance of another
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Positive Transfer
The learning of one skill help the learning of another e.g. Basketball pass
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Negative Transfer
The learning of one skill hinders another e.g. tennis serve
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Zero Transfer
The learning of one skill has no impact of another e.g. rock climbing
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Bilateral Transfer
The learning of one skills is passed across the body limb to limb
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Whole Practice
Practising the skill in its entirety e.g. golf swing
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Whole Practice advantages
Keeps link between sub-routines, Fluency- feeling of the skill
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Whole Practice disadvantages
Not for beginners, too much information to handle for the perfomer
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Whole Part Whole Practice
Assessing the skill, identifying weakness to practice then put the skill back together e.g. volleyball smash
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Whole Part Whole advantages
Shows weakness then be able to correct it
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Whole Part Whole disadvantages
Time consuming, skill cannot be broken down
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Progressive Part Practice
each part of the skill is added. gradually 'chaining' e.g. dance routine
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Progressive Part Practice advantages
Focus on weakness, reduces fatigue / danger
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Progressive Part Practice disadvantages
Time consuming, negative transfer
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Massed Practice
No rest intervals e.g. free throw
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Massed Practice advantages
Forms motor programmes, increases fitness
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Massed Practice disadvantages
Fatigue and no time for feedback
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Distributed Practice
Rest intervals in sessions e.g. swimming stroke
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Distributed Practice advantages
Allows recovery, reduces danger
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Distributed Practice disadvantages
Time consuming, negative transfer
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Varied Practice
Changing the skills and drills / type of practice e.g. football pass
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Varied Practice advantages
Builds a schema, gives motivation
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Varied Practice disadvantages
Too demanding, time consuming
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Mental Practice
Go over it in your mind without movement e.g. trampoline
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Mental Practice advantages
Improves reaction time, builds confidence
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Mental Practice disadvantages
Environment must be calm, must be correct to perform the skill right
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Open skill

Back

Skill performed in a predictable environment e.g. pass in football

Card 3

Front

Closed skill

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Gross skill

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Fine skill

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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