trilobites

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Phylum
Arthropoda
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Class
Trilobita
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Evolution
Evolved in cambrian + became extinct at end of the Permian
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Exoskeleton
made of chitin; provides protection and support; provides attachment for muscles; may have had sensory hairs emerging from the exoskeleton to detect chemicals/changes in the environment
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Exoskeleton morphology
made up of 3 layers. A waxy outer layer and 2 further layers of chitin and protein. The middle layer may be impregnated with calcium carbonate for increased strength
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Appendages
term for jointed legs and antennae. used for moving and feeding
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Pleuron
segment adjoining the axis. each had a pair of jointed legs, probably used for walking or swimming
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Gills
for respiration
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Cephalon morphology; Appendages-headlegs
feeding and sensory role to detect environment and feeding
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Cephalon morphology; Antenna
to detect environment. part of sensory system
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cephalon morphology; Glabella
formed by the presence of the stomach, which is inside the head. shape may indicate diet
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cephalon morphology; compound eye
made up of many calcite plates, for wide-angled vision. part of sensory system
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cephalon morphology; free cheek
part of cephalon that breaks away from the skeleton during ecdysis
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cephalon morphology; facial suture
a line of weakness where the exoskeleton breaks first during ecdysis
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cephalon morphology; fixed cheek
part of cephalon that remains attached to the exoskeleton at the beginning of ecdysis
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cephalon morphology; genal angle
part of cephalon which may have spines attached. actual angle can be measured in some species
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Class

Back

Trilobita

Card 3

Front

Evolution

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Exoskeleton

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Exoskeleton morphology

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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