Treaty of Versailles

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When was WW1? What was the day of the armistice?
1914-11th November 1918.
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Who were the Big three?
Lloyd George (britain), Clemenceau (france), Wilson (USA).
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What were Lloyd George's aims at Versailles?
Punish Germany but not so much so that it wouldn't be able to trade with England.
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What were Clemenceau's aims at Versailles?
Punish Germany hard so as to keep France safe.
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What were Wilson's aims at Versailles? Why were these aims not as harsh as LG and C's?
Generosity so as to keep the peace and avoid future war. Because America had not been as involved in the war hence had not suffered so much.
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What were Wilson's 14 points? Which became very important?(point 14)
See revision guide. League of nations.
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When was the treaty of versailles signed? Who did it deal with?
June 1919. Germany
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What happened to Alsace-Lorraine and the rhineland?
Given back to france, demilitarised to prevent attack of france and belgium.
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What did article 231 say?
The germans had to accept full war guilt
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What were the military sanctions imposed on germany? (4)
Army reduced to 100,000 men, none of whom could be conscript. no submarines, armoured vehicles or airforce. only 6 warships.
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define: mandates
countries taken from germany's empire run by the league of nations
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Why did some people see the TofV as fair? (3)
The war had caused lots of damage and death. They thought Germany needed to be made weaker so it couldn't go to war again. People in France and Britain wanted revenge.
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Why did some people see the TofV as unfair? (3)
The Germans were left weak and resentful-could cause future troubles. The peacemakers faced pressure from people at home.
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Why did Germans hate the TofV?
Could not afford reparations, suffered economic crisis, didn't accept war guilt or defeat, lost colonies, many people lived now under foreign rule, loss of pride, lost industrial areas and could not rebuild, saw other countries weren't disarming.
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What problems did the T of V build up for the future? (4)
Europe couldn't recover while Germany was poor. Self-determination would be difficult when countries were made of people from different nationalities. German anger. It would be hard to keep peace without Russia, USA and Germany.
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Which treaty dealt with Turkey?
Sévres 1920
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which treaty dealt with Bulgaria? When was it?
Neuilly 1919
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Which treaty dealt with Hungary? When was it?
Trianon 1920
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Which treaty dealt with Austria?
St. Germain 1919
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What countries were formed out of Austria-Hungary?
Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia
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What happened in all of the small treaties? (3)
Lost land, disarm, punished.
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Name as many nationalities as possible living in czechoslovakia.(6)
germans, slovaks, hungarians, poles, ukranians and czechs.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who were the Big three?

Back

Lloyd George (britain), Clemenceau (france), Wilson (USA).

Card 3

Front

What were Lloyd George's aims at Versailles?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were Clemenceau's aims at Versailles?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were Wilson's aims at Versailles? Why were these aims not as harsh as LG and C's?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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