Treaty of Versailles

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  • Created by: jroe99
  • Created on: 13-03-16 19:19
What did Woodrow Wilson's 14 points consist of?
1. No secret treaties. 2. Free access to the sea at all times. 3. Free trade between countries. 4. All countries to work towards disarmament. 5. Colonies to have a say in future. 6. German troops to leave Russia.
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7. Independence for Belgium. 8. France to regain Alsace-Lorraine. 9. Frontier adjusted between Austria and Italy. 10. Self-determination for Europe. 11. Serbia to have access to the sea. 12. Self-determination for Turkish Empire.
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13. Poland to become independent state with access to the sea. 14. League of Nations to be set up.
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Treaty of Versailles: How many men could Germany have in the army?
100,000
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Were they allowed conscription or other artillery?
Conscription banned, no armoured vehicles or aircraft
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How many battleships could they have?
6
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Where was demilitarised?
The Rhineland
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What was the guilt clause?
Clause 231 that meant Germany had to accept 100% of the blame of the war
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How much in reparations?
6.6 billion pounds
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West Prussia and Posen became part of:
Prussia
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Sudetenland became part of ......... because ........
Czechoslovakia because the mountains meant it was easier to defend from German attack
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Where was Alsace-Lorraine returned to?
France (taken by Germany in 1870)
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The League of Nations had control of:
Danzig (German trading) and The Saar (held a plebiscite after 15 years)
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Eupen-Malmedy given to?
Belgium
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Who could Germany not unite with?
Austria especially, but no one
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Where was dismantled?
Austria-Hungary
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What colonies were controlled by the League?
Cameroon, Togoland and Ruanda-Urandi
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Who was North Schleswig given to?
Denmark
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Compromise: Clemenceau:
:) Reparations- crippling to Germany. :) War guilt- humiliated Germany (Germans called it diktat).:( Some armed forces remained- still a threat.:( Germany not sufficiently broken up- continued threat.
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David Lloyd George:
:) German navy crippled- British empire safe. :) Germany intact- possibility of trade. :( Harsh reparations- slow economic growth. :( Germany humiliated- Potential revenge.
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Woodrow Wilson:
:) League of Nations-International peacekeeping. :) some plebiscites- democracy.:( Harsh reparations- Potential revenge. :( War guilt-Humiliation, leading to revenge.
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Loss of land in Germany:
Lost 10% of land. Lost 16% of coalfields and 50% if its iron & steel. Saar was a valuable coalfield.
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What happened in April 1920?
Riot in the Rhineland, sent troops to stop the rebellion, then the French invaded ( National Insult)
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Other Treaties: What was Austria's treaty called, and when was it Signed?
St German, 1919.
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Key points of St German:
Separated Austria from Hungary. Bohemia and Moravia to Czechoslovakia. Galacia to Poland, other land to Italy. Bosnia, Herzegovina, Croatia to Yugoslavia. Army- 30,000. Could not unite with Germany.
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What was Bulgarias treaty called, and when was it signed?
Neuilly, 1919.
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Key points of Neuilly:
lost land to Greece, Romania and Yugoslavia. Lost access to Mediterranean sea. Army- 20,000 men. 100 million in reparations, lots of population governed by foreign powers.
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What was Hungarys treaty called, and when was it signed?
Trianon, 1920.
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Key points of Trianon:
Lost transylvania to Romania, Slovakia & Ruthenia to Czechoslovakia, Slovenia & Croatia to Yugoslavia. Lots of other land went to Romania. 3 million Hungarians in other states, economy too weak to pay reparations.
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What was Turkeys treaty called, and when was it signed?
Sevres, 1920.
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Key points of Sevres:
Lost Smyrna to Greece, Syria under French control. Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco either independent or under British/French control (Treaty of Lausanne 1923)
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Card 2

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7. Independence for Belgium. 8. France to regain Alsace-Lorraine. 9. Frontier adjusted between Austria and Italy. 10. Self-determination for Europe. 11. Serbia to have access to the sea. 12. Self-determination for Turkish Empire.

Card 3

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Card 4

Front

Treaty of Versailles: How many men could Germany have in the army?

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Card 5

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Were they allowed conscription or other artillery?

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