Treatments of Schizophrenia

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Cerletti and Bini (1938)
first developed ECT because schizophrenia is rare in patients with epilepsy- although no cause and effect just a relationship
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Bennet (2003)
patients found the experience terrifying and it made them relive previous abuse- it also made them lose trust in mental health professionals
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Royal College of Psychiatrists (1997)
no long term damage to memory or intelligence, but can cause mental and emotional dysfunction
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Benton (1981)
ECT works in three ways- operant conditioning (acts as punishment however not probable and consistent), memory loss means patients can change their views (but unilateral ECT) on life & biochemical changes such as neurotransmitters
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Abrams (1997)
ECT researchers today don't know anymore about ECT than we did when it was first developed and used
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Thayran and Adams (2005)
used real ECT and a placebo and found that patients that received the real ECT showed improvements compared to those who had the placebo, although they produced no evidence of this
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Sarita et al (1998)
used 36 schizophrenic patients and found that there was no difference between those that had stimulated ECT and real ECT
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Drury (1996)
CBT helps reduce positive symptoms and recovery times especially when combined with chemotherapy- however because CBT is mostly always combined with chemotherapy it is hard to see the success rate
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Kingdon and Kerscher (2006)
not suitable for everyone e.g. older patients because it'll be harder to challenge their maladaptive thoughts as they have been there longer
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Frith (1992)
patients are misinterpreting the voices they hear because they are actually their own inner speech- CBT helps the patient recognise the voices as their own
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Bentall et al (1994)
CBT should emphasise controlling the voices and thoughts rather than paying attention to unconscious thoughts and feelings behind them- however this doesn't get rid of maladaptive thoughts
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Bentall et al (1994)
effective for patients that are on their first episode of schizophrenia because it's easier to challenge maladaptive thoughts as they can remember a time when they didn't have them
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Card 2

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patients found the experience terrifying and it made them relive previous abuse- it also made them lose trust in mental health professionals

Back

Bennet (2003)

Card 3

Front

no long term damage to memory or intelligence, but can cause mental and emotional dysfunction

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

ECT works in three ways- operant conditioning (acts as punishment however not probable and consistent), memory loss means patients can change their views (but unilateral ECT) on life & biochemical changes such as neurotransmitters

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

ECT researchers today don't know anymore about ECT than we did when it was first developed and used

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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