Treating Abnormality (AO1)

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GENERAL Name three treatments for abnormality, based on the psychological model.
Psychoanalysis, Systematic Desensitisation and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
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GENERAL Name two treatments for abnormality based on the biological model.
Drugs and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
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SD (AO1) What psychological therapy for abnormality is based on classical conditioning?
Systematic Desensitisation (SD)
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SD (AO1) Briefly, what is SD?
it is a form of counter-conditioning whereby the therapist attempts to replace the fear response with an alternative and harmless one such as relaxation.
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SD (AO1) At the start of SD what will the therapist and the client draw up to base the treatment on?
The therapist and the client will draw up a hierarchy of fears (usually around five) starting with the least feared and moving up to the most feared.
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SD (AO1) In SD how will a therapist use the hierarchy of fears?
The therapist will gradually expose the patient to the threatening situation under relaxed conditions until the anxiety reaction is extinguished.
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SD (AO1) How does SD work?
As the patient has been taught how to relax themselves they can use this to counteract the fear they feel when exposed to the stimuli. As a person can not feel anxiouse and relaxed at the same time they are gradually able to overcome there fear as th
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SD (AO1) in SD what is the 'Covert Method'
The covert method is where the client imagines the stimuli instead of literally being exposed to it.
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SD (AO1) What steps are taken during SD? (card 1)
1. patient is taught how to relax (muscles and breathing), as anxiety is not compatible with relaxation. 2. Therapist and client draw up hierarchy of fears (AKA desensitization hierarchy)
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SD (AO1) What steps are taken during SD? (card 2)
3. patient works their way through the hierarchy visualising/being exposed to the stimuli and engaging in relaxation 4. eventually they will be able to relax through the most feared scenario.
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OTHER PSYCHOLOGICAL THERAPIES (AO1) What is Flooding?
Flooding is where a person is exposed to their phobia without the possibility of escape until the fear response is extinguished.
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OTHER PSYCHOLOGICAL THERAPIES (AO1) What is aversion therapy?
Aversion therapy is where a type of behaviour is paired with an unpleasant stimulus e.g cure smoking by making the person feel sick (using pills) each time they smoke
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Card 2

Front

GENERAL Name two treatments for abnormality based on the biological model.

Back

Drugs and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

Card 3

Front

SD (AO1) What psychological therapy for abnormality is based on classical conditioning?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

SD (AO1) Briefly, what is SD?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

SD (AO1) At the start of SD what will the therapist and the client draw up to base the treatment on?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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