Travel and tourism

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What are two principles of responsible tourism?
To promote the conservation of natural and cultural heritage AND to promote respect between tourists and local people
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What are two principles of responsible tourism?
To create sustainable economic benefit that improves the local peoples quality of life AND to minimise the negative economic,environmental and socio-cultural impacts that have a detremental effect on the host community
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What is meant by the term "eco-tourism"?
Tourism aimed to help the conservation of wildlife and efforts
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What is meant by "sustainable tourism"?
Everything that is done will benefit the economy, environment and other aspects of the community for a long period of time
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Define T.A.L.C
Exploration, innvolvement, development, consolidation, stagnation, decline, rejuvenation
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Who came up with the tourist area life cycle?
BUTLER
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What is exploration? (5)
1. Small num of tourists, 2. Unspoilt, 3. Welcoming community, 4. Small but valuable visitors and 5. no major eco, enviro or socio impacts
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What is innvolvement? (5)
1.Visitors increase, 2. host community accept tourists, 3. community provides resources, facilties, events and staff, 4.Accomodation/transport links improve and 5. community start to become involved in promotion
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What is development? (6)
1.Numbers still increase, 2. natural/cultural heritage is main visit, 3. purpose built attractions built, 4. package holidays offered, 5. known as a tourist destination and 6. communitys more involved with promotion
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What is consolidation? (7)
1. Toursits rising but slowly, 2. increase in employment/wealth, 3. transport routes/access improved, 4. economy is reliant on tourist income, 5. agricultural land used for development, 6. resentment and 7. tourist facilities developed/expanded
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What is stagnation? (4)
1. Vistors decrease, 2. Negative impacts of development show, 3. hostility and 4. standard of facilities and services decline
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What is Decline? (4)
1. fewer/fewer tourists return, 2. economy is severely effected, 3. image and reputation suffers and 4. tourists reduce significantly
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What is rejuvenation? (4)
1. increase in new and different visitors, 2. rebranding and regenerating, 3. focus on new markets and products and 4. investment into facilties and amenities
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What is AITO? What do they do?
ASSOCIATION OF INTERNATIONAL TOUR OPERATORS and they protect the enrionment, cultures, minimie pollution and conserve natural resources.
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What are three NEGATIVE economic impacts of tourism?
1. leakage, 2. loss of local employment and 3. land and housing costs increase
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What are three POSITIVE economic impacts of tourism?
1. creates local employment, 2.raises the standard of lives and facilities and 3. improved infrastructure
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What is"fair-trade"?
Partnerships between investors and locals.
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What is one positive of green tourism?
Use of natural resources
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Why is fair trade good?
Allows there to be a fair disribution of wages and working conditions for poorer countries
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What are three NEGATIVE envionmental imapcts of tourism?
1. pollution, 2. traffic congestion and 3. air and water quality
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What are three POSITIVE environmental impacts of tourism?
1. Education, 2. Conservation of natural land and 3. regeneration of deprived areas
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What are three Negative socio-cultural impacts of tourism?
1. loss of original tradition and cultures, 2. local community conflict and 3. staged authenticity
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What is meant by the term "staged authenticity"?
Where local people use their cultural rituals to entertain tourists
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What are three POSITIVE socio-cultural impacts of tourism?
1. Improved facilities for the local community, 2. revivial of festivals and rituals and 3. crafts and customs
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What are two examples of conservation organisations?
National trust and English heritage
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What is the private sector?
Companies that aim to make a profit eg: Tour operators
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What is the public sector?
People there that benefit the lives of the public eg: the Government
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What are RTB'S?
regional tourist boards
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What are RDA'S? What do they do?
Regional development agencies and they work on promoting employment, enhanced development and contribute to sustainable development
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What are the economic objectives?
1.Create employment, 2. Increase the multipler effect.
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What are the socio-cultural objectives?
1.To encourage cultural understandings and improve the quality of life for local people
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What are the environmental objectives?
1.To regenerate destinations, 2. encourage conservation and 3. Make places generally better
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What are the political objectives?
1.To improve the local image of a place to the wider world
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What are MEDC'S?
More economically developed countries eg:
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What are LEDC'S?
Less economically developed countries eg:
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What is meant by the economy of scale?
Completing tasks on a mass scale (in bulk)
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What is the public sectors role?
They are able to restrict certain development oppurtunities and conserve areas throught the restriction of tourists
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Other than the government, what is another exmaple of the public sector?
Visit Britain
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What is the voluntary sector? give an exmaple.
An organisation made up of voulnteers but still have paid staff eg: national trust
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What is meant by the term "leakage"?
Money brought in by tourists that is leaked back out into the "big" companies
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What does "sustainability" mean?
Developments that are put in place that will still be effective in the long-term
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What is the multipler effect?
Money brought in by tourists that is used for a variety of different people
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What does "bio-diversity" mean?
The different speicies of animals and wildlife in a certain area
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Define "staged authenticity"
Cultural rituals changed to entertain the mass of tourism in a certain area.
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What is an example of travel managment?
park and ride
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What is travel management?
Certain things set in place to lower congestion in places eg: lanes
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What is meant by seasonal work?
When people are employed at certain times of year due to an increase in tourism
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What is an example of seasonal work?
Thorpe park
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How are community projects effective?
They improve the uality of life for the local people but they also benefit from the use of tourists
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What is visitor retention?
Being able to keep touirsts interests about your destination so they come back
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What are codes of conduct? give three examples.
They are advice for organisations/tourists to increase responsible tourism..
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What are three examples of codes of conducts for organisations?
1. employment of local people, 2.use of local resources and 3. restricted access of certain places
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What are three examples of codes of conducts for tourists?
1. buy things locally, 2. visit areas with guides and 3. sample the local culture
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How can you minimise the negative effects of tourism? (2)
1. Planning control and 2. environmental audits
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How can you maximise the positive impacts of tourism?(2)
1.staff trianing and development and 2. education of tourists
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Card 2

Front

What are two principles of responsible tourism?

Back

To create sustainable economic benefit that improves the local peoples quality of life AND to minimise the negative economic,environmental and socio-cultural impacts that have a detremental effect on the host community

Card 3

Front

What is meant by the term "eco-tourism"?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is meant by "sustainable tourism"?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Define T.A.L.C

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Preview of the front of card 5
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