Transportation in Britain

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When Did Transportation to America Begin?
c.1615
1 of 8
What was the 1774 Gaol Act?
Abolishing gaolers' fees & suggesting ways for improving the sanitary state of prisons and the better preservation of the health of the prisoners. Although Howard had copies of these acts printed and sent to every prison in England, the justices and
2 of 8
When did the transportation to America stop?
1776 because of the War of Independence
3 of 8
When did the transportation to Australia begin?
1787
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How many people were transported to Australia between 1787 and 1868?
Over 160 000
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When was transportation abolished?
1868
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Why was transportation abolished?
Gold was discovered and no more forced labourers needed, too expensive and not an effective deterrent (attitudes), more prisons were built.
7 of 8
When were new prisons built?
1842 - 77
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the 1774 Gaol Act?

Back

Abolishing gaolers' fees & suggesting ways for improving the sanitary state of prisons and the better preservation of the health of the prisoners. Although Howard had copies of these acts printed and sent to every prison in England, the justices and

Card 3

Front

When did the transportation to America stop?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When did the transportation to Australia begin?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many people were transported to Australia between 1787 and 1868?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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