tourism in geography

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What is tourism?
tourism is a very popular activity when people visit different places and countries.
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tourism is one of the worlds great growth industries.
tourism is also the worlds largest industry
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in most countries domestic tourism is about 4x greater than international tourism.
the top 6 tourist destinations countries are France, Spain, the USA, China, Italy and the UK
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tourism creates jobs and encourages growth in the primary and secondary sectors of industries?
which is known as the multiplier effect. ( how many times money spent by a tourist circulates through a country's economy)
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coastal areas basic attraction - sun, sea and sand.
the UK cannot guarantee the sun thats why the winter beach holidays are more popular.
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Mountains basic attractions-snow and scenery.
Scotish cairngorms have ski facilities but cannot guarantee snow. the Alps and the Rockies have guaranteed snow and have varied scenery then the UK.
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Cities basic attraction- mostly human, historical buildings, more recent creations.
major events and uniqueness- Venice with its canals.
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Domestic tourism is when you stay at least a day and a night away from home but in the same country.
almost all UK tourism is domestic.domestic holidays can be cheap or expensive camping or hotels.
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NATIONAL PARKS.
15 national parks in the British Isles
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First park created was the Peak District National Park
10 in England, 2 in Scotland, 3 in Wales
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LAKE DISTRICT NATIONAL PARK
location- north-west England, about 75km south from Scotland and close to Yorkshire Dales
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Background- largest and most popular National Park, foot and mouth disease reduce visitors by a third, over 14 million visitors a year
Reasons for Visiting- clean air, peaceful, quiet, attractive scenery, wildlife protective. footpaths never to busy.
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Why Bowness popular- easy access by M6 and road improvement. 23 mill people live within 3 hours drive, wide range of accommodation.
Problem and Conflicts- traffic, house prices increased, crops tramples, towns busier, overcrowding in parks.
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BLACKPOOL CASE STUDY
Location- in UK, north of England near the coast, in Lancashire
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Background-UKs leading coastal resort, many features, donkeys, promenade and Blackpool Tower.
Problem-when people discovered guaranteed sun in Mediterranean, numbers dropped 17mill to 11mill between 1990 and 1999, didnt look exciting enough.
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Strategies to help- beaches cleaned, pulling down old buildings, cover walk way, Blackpool illuminations transformed from £10million investment
How effective the strategies were- remains the most visited attraction, being left behind, suffers from its image, not a wealthy town , high unemployment area.
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MASS TOURISM
Negative- pollution, congestion, litter, poor building development, crime, locl people cant afford services, extreme pressures upon decline ecosystem.
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Positive- income from tourist, greater awareness of wildlife, landscapes etc, low income jobs converted to better living.
mass tourism - large scale, big numbers and great concentration of hotels and other tourist facilities.
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KENYA CASE STUDY
location- Africa, north-east of Africa near Lake Victoria.
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Facts- tourist numbers highest are 18 million, population 36 million, main exports tea, coffee and vegetables.
Main Attractions - safaris, beaches, wildlife parks, Mount Kenya.
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Positive effects- increase demands in goods and services, tourist spend in local shops and cafe, new roads, airports etc, low income jobs converted to better living.
Negative effects- pollution, noisy and active, disturbance of wildlife, congestion.
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Strategies 4 Furture- ecotourism, open new avenues, better distribution of tourist activities, reduce environmental pressure on tourist hot spots.
EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS
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Adventure holidays- more active, with more risk, off the beaten tract in more unusual destinations
Extreme environments- difficult place for humans to live in or visit, often due to hostile climate.
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CONSERVATION-TO PRESERVE, PROTECT OR RESTORE THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT !!!!
STEWARDSHIP-TO BE ENTRUSTED TO LOOK AFTER AND MANAGE PLACES AND AREAS !!!!!
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ANTARCTICA CASE STUDY
Location- situated in the Antarctic region of the southern hemisphere.
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Why Visit-cross-country skiing, cruise ship, wildlife experience, private yacht, most visited between November and March.
Problems/protecting measures- dont harm wildlife, follow strict rules, not damage wilderness, crusie ship sink the petrol will leak and damage the environment.
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Future- number of visitors to double in next 10 years
ECOTOURISM
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Ecotourism is responsible travel where cultures and environments are protected.
protect local cultures, people and tradition, protect local wildlife and animals, educate tourist, protect local environments and landscape.
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SUSTAINABILITY- The Ability To Sustain Something; A Means Of Changing Civilisation And Human Activity So That Society Its Members And Its Economies Are Able To Meet Their Needs Whilst Preserving Biodiversity And Natural Ecosystems Etc For The Future.
KENYA THE MASAI - CASE STUDY
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Location- in the east of Africa, near Lake Victoria
Ecotourism- dont build hotels they make camps and ecolodges, when people travel and where cultures teach them.
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Benefits to environment- dont chop down wood, continues with traditional way of life by planting, crops etc, get paid to not graze their cows on fields.
benefits local economy- tourist spend money camps, airplanes etc that goes to local economy, Masai get money from ecolodges
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Benefits local people- children being sent to school, better health care, make money being a tourist guide, better living with the tourist income.
Thank You for Watching !!!
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

tourism is also the worlds largest industry

Back

tourism is one of the worlds great growth industries.

Card 3

Front

the top 6 tourist destinations countries are France, Spain, the USA, China, Italy and the UK

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

which is known as the multiplier effect. ( how many times money spent by a tourist circulates through a country's economy)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the UK cannot guarantee the sun thats why the winter beach holidays are more popular.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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