Tourism

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Why has tourism grown?
expansion of holiday choices - package holidays, technology improvements - cheap flights + book online, people wealthier, larger disposable income
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Give of an example a country which offers a variety of tourism types
Italy - variety of landscapes mountains, cities, coast, tourism adapts to demands. i.e. alps for skiing, venice for culture
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Why is tourism important?
provides essential jobs, rich countries have a broadly balanced economy of which tourism is a large part, less well-off countries find tourism essential
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Give an example of the importance that tourism has in an economy
Dubai - growing quickly, accesisible from europe, africa and asia, famous of the duty-free shopping, stopover for long haul flights
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Give the benefits of tourism in poorer countries
small businesses set up to serve tourists, government tax for extra services, tourists spend holiday money in their currency - used to buy goods/services from abroad
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How has UK tourism changed?
used to be almost all domestic, UK economy provided higher pay and more time off work, annual holidays common, unreliability of weather and increase in package holidays caused seaside resort decline
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What are the stages displayed on the butler tourist resort life cycle model?
exploration, involvement, development, consolidation, stagnation then either - rejuvenation, slow decline or major decline
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Describe the tourism of Blackpool
major tourist centre during 1800s for northern industrial towns, disposable income increased and people wanted different scenery, attracted some private investments to upgrade hotels + turn outdoor pools to indoor slower decline
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How did Blackpool attempt rejuvenation?
bid to host UKs first supercasino, lost development to manchester. 20,000 jobs would have been generated. continuing to aim for regeneration
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What is a national park?
a large area of mainly rural land, aim to conserve natural and cultural landscapes whilst allowing enjoyable visitor access. tourism provides jobs
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Describe a national park in the UK
the lake district - cumbria, nw england. ribbon lakes, unique landscape, lake windermere ferry cruises, areas for watersports, fishing. historical and cultural sites.
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Describe the conflicts and opportunities that tourism brings to farming
visitors can trample crops and disturb livestock, cottages can be B+B hotels and host activities i.e. paintballing
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Describe the conflicts and opportunities that tourism brings to employment
jobs are created, unpredictable visitor numbers, seasonal issues.
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What is mass tourism?
large numbers of tourists going to one destination
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Why do many countries want mass tourism?
they believe it will bring lots of advantages - jobs, new leisure, new infrastructure
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What are the disadvantages of mass tourism?
only seasonal, tourists prefer familar food to local specialties, new buildings need land, few locals are paid well.
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Describe mass tourism in Jamaica
one of carribeans main tourist destination, 1.3 mil visitors, local businesses depend, growth in community tourism (B+Bs), needs to maintain resources, some ecotourism offered, spread around island, ecolodges built
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What is extreme tourism?
when tourists are attracted to dangerous landscapes with difficult climates and sparsely settled areas
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List some extreme environments around the world..
mountains, deserts, rainforests, ice covered terrain
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Who is the target market?
30 years old, unmarried without children, good income
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Describe extreme tourism in Antarctica
9000 visitors in 1992, 46000 in 2007, landing sites are honeypots, walking, kayaking, skiing, scuba diving, animals disturbed by tourists, no ships over 500 passengers, visitors not allowed to visit sites of specific interest to conserve wildlife
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What is stewardship?
personal responsibililty for looking after the environment
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What is conservation?
careful and planned use of resources to maintain natural environment
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What are the aims of ecotourism?
small scale accommodation, local food, local people as tour guides, experience direct environment, sustainable energy use, caters for small and growing market
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Describe ecotourism in the Galapagos islands
90% national park/marine reserve, tourists arrive in limited numbers by small ship, conservation trust takes £25 for each visitor, brought great benefits. many visitors give locals tips.
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Card 2

Front

Give of an example a country which offers a variety of tourism types

Back

Italy - variety of landscapes mountains, cities, coast, tourism adapts to demands. i.e. alps for skiing, venice for culture

Card 3

Front

Why is tourism important?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give an example of the importance that tourism has in an economy

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give the benefits of tourism in poorer countries

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