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Who says about believing without belonging and what does it mean?
Davie: People hold religious beliefs but dont go to church.
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Vicarious religion:
Davie: People practice religion on behalf of a large number of people. Like the tip of an iceberg.
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What does Bibby's study show?
Candadian's: 25% attended church, 80% religious beliefs.
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What is spiritual shopping and who says about it?
Hervieu Leger: Cultural amnesia- not passed down through generation anymore. Individual consumerism, make own choices of 'do-it-yourself' religion.
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What are pilgrims and converts
Pilgrims: Individual path of self-discovery. Converts: Group religion, strong belonging.
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Lyon: 'Jesus in Disney land.' What is this about?
Religion has been relocated due to globalisaiton, it is disembedded (televangelism) Harvest day crusade in disney land. Religious consumerism is also a construct of ideas, make own choices. Religion has been re-enchanted due to new spirituality.
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Who talks about the religious market theory?
Stark and Bainbridge
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What do they assume?
People are naturally religious, it is normal to seek rewards and avoid costs.
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What is the cycle of religious decline, revival and renewal?
Where some religions decline, others increase and revival and renewal occurs.
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They argue that competition is positive for religion, how does this reflect in USA and Europe?
USA religion thrives as no monopoly and increased competition. Europe has monopoly of COE which enables decline.
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What studies show religion to be supply-led?
Hadden+Shupe: Televangilism in America opened up competition allowing church to thrive. Finke: Lifting restriction of Asian immigration enabled diversity.
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Criticisms of the religious market theory:
Bruce: Rejects diversity and competition increases religious, misinterpret secularisation theory. Norris+Inglehart: Religious participation exists where there is a near monopoly
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Existential security theory is talked about by who?
Norris and Inglehart
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What does existential security mean?
The feeling that survival is secure enough that it can be taken for granted.
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In which society does this occur?
Rich
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How does the population impact this?
Poor have higher population growth which means more of the world is becoming religious.
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Why is USA still religious?
'Dog-eat-dog' values, inadequate state and welfare.
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What do Gill+ Lundergaarde say?
The more a country spends on welfare, the lower the level of religious participation.
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Why do they believe religion still exists?
Still the need to answer ultimate questions
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Criticisms:
Vasquez: Only use quantitative data, ignore positive reasons people have for religious participation
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Vicarious religion:

Back

Davie: People practice religion on behalf of a large number of people. Like the tip of an iceberg.

Card 3

Front

What does Bibby's study show?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is spiritual shopping and who says about it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are pilgrims and converts

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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