Topic 3


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In 1998, what percentage of the adult population attended church on Sundays?
Crockett: 40%
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Define Secularisation
The process whereby religion, beliefs, practices and institutions lose social significance.
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In 2005, what percentage of the adult population attended church on sundays?
6.3%
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What are the statistics for church weddings and baptisms?
1971 3/5 weddings, 2006 1/3. Baptisms 1991 55%, 2005 41%
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Gill Et Al:
100 Surveys 1939-1996: Decline in personal God and traditional beliefs. 1950 23% not religious, 1996 43%
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What is the trend of religious institutions today?
State has taken over church functions. Religion is becoming privatized. E.G. Education, even 'faith schools' state regulated.
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2005 survey of secondary schools found...
over 1/2 of them didn't carry out legislation of conducting a christian worship daily.
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Who stated that rationalisation is the explanation of secularisation?
Weber
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What is rationalisation?
Rational thinking and acting have replaced religious ones.
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What is the 'enchanted garden'?
Where God was present in the world, making changes and responding to prayers.
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Disenchantment occurred due to what?
The protestant reformation
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What is Disenchantment?
God was transcendent meaning he couldnt intervene so rituals stopped.
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Who stated the technological worldview and what does it mean?
Bruce. Technological thinking has replaced religion. Only use religion when no scientific answer.
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Who talks about structual differentation?
Parsons
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What is it?
Specialised institutions carry out functions of religion. Disengagement of religion. Privatised.
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what is social and cultural diversity?
Pre-industrial had shared values, industrial does not. Small close-knit communities give way to large loose-knit ones. Social and geographical mobility increases diversity.
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Berger: Religious diversity?
Used to be sacred canopy, one shared belief system. Not there is plurality of life worlds undermining plausibility structure.
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What is cultural transition and defence? Who talks about this?
Bruce: Tansmit into society, defend against external. Religion survives as this function, not supernatural.
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What is the spiritual revolution?
Heelas+Woodhead study in Kendal. Congregational, traditional and evangelical VS Holistic milieu. 2000, 7.9% church goes, 1.6% HM.
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What are the reasons for the increase in HM?
Subjective turn in society, traditional decline due to demands, evangelical same due to personal discovery being important.
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What are the reasons for secularisation in America?
Declining church attendance, secularisation within, religious diversity.
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What is Hadaway et al's study?
Head count and interviews, 83% more interview beliefs than shown in churchgoers.
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What is secularisation within?
Religion is pyschologised (a therapy). Lifestyle has changed. 1951: 91% dancing wrong, 0% 1982.
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Religious Diversity:
Practical relativism- Belief that others can have own views. Lynd+Lynd: 1924- 94% churchgoing young say christianity is one truth, by 1933 only 41%
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Criticisms of secularisation:
It is changing not declining. It focuses on decline and ingnores growth. Ignores BWB. Not declined globally. Past wasnt a golden age. Diversity increases participation.
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Card 2

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Define Secularisation

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The process whereby religion, beliefs, practices and institutions lose social significance.

Card 3

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In 2005, what percentage of the adult population attended church on sundays?

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Card 4

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What are the statistics for church weddings and baptisms?

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Card 5

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Gill Et Al:

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