Topic 2 - Wildlife conservation glossary

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Artificial insemination
A form of selective breeding where ***** is collected from a chosen male and is inserted artificially into the chosen female to cause her to become pregnant.
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Biomimetics
The study of living organisms so the knowledge gained can be applied to engineering or technological developments.
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CITES
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (of wild fauna and flora).
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Cryopreservation
The preservation of material by freezing, such as the freezing of ***** for artificial insemination.
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Embryo transfer
The transfer of fertilised eggs or embryos from a female of a rare species, into females of a closely related more common species This enables more young to be produced than could be achieved by normal breeding.
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Endemic
An endemic species is indigenous to a particular area and is not naturally found anywhere else. (The word is also used in disease epidemiology to mean a disease that is normally present.)
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Environmental Stewardship Scheme (ESS)
An agri-environmental scheme where farmers receive payments for farm management practices that benefit wildlife and the environment. Higher payments are available for organic farms.
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EU Common Fisheries Policy
The European Union agreement to manage fishing and aquaculture. It attempts to balance the needs of the Member States and their fishing industries with sustainable exploitation of the environment.
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Gene pool
The total variety of different genes in all the members of a population.
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Inbreeding
Describes breeding between closely related individuals. Inbreeding increases the risk of recessive genes producing offspring with disadvantageous characteristics.
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Indigenous
Species that are native to the area.
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International Whaling Commission (IWC)
The IWC is an international organisation that aims to ensure the sustainable exploitation of whales.
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Micro-propagation
A tissue culture method where large numbers of plants can be produced from a tissue sample from an original plant, without the need for seeds. The young plants may be raised on agar under sterile conditions.
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Niche
The niche of a species is the role it plays in its habitat, which includes how it makes use of resources and responds to the other species in its habitat.
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NNR
National Nature Reserves.
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Ramsar site
A wetland site designated to protect its biodiversity.
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RSPB
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.
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SAC
Special Area of Conservation.
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SPA
Special Protection Area.
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SSSI
Sites of Special Scientific Interest.
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Teratology
The study of the causes of birth defects.
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Vavilov Centre
An area of the world, identified by the Russian zoologist Nikolai Vavilov, where crop plants were first domesticated and where wild varieties are still found.
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Wildlife and Countryside Act (1981)
A UK Act of Parliament that provides protection for many wildlife species and designated protected areas.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The study of living organisms so the knowledge gained can be applied to engineering or technological developments.

Back

Biomimetics

Card 3

Front

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (of wild fauna and flora).

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The preservation of material by freezing, such as the freezing of ***** for artificial insemination.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The transfer of fertilised eggs or embryos from a female of a rare species, into females of a closely related more common species This enables more young to be produced than could be achieved by normal breeding.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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