Topic 2 - Wildlife Conservation Glossary

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Biomimetics
The study of living organisms so the knowledge gained can be applied to engineering or technological developments.
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Teratology
The study of causes of birth defects.
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Indigenous Species
Species that are native to the area.
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Gene Pool
The total variety of different genes in all members of a population.
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Vavilov Centre
An area of the world, identified by the Russian zoologist Nikolai Vavilov, where crop plants were first domesticated and where wild varieties are still found.
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CITES
The Convention on International trade in Endangered Species.
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Niche
The niche of a species is the role it plays in its habitat, which includes how to make use of resources and responds to the other species in its habitat.
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Endemic
An endemic species is indigenous to a particular area and is not naturally found elsewhere.
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Wildlife and Countryside Act
A UK Act of Parliament that provides protection for many wildlife species and designated protected areas.
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SSSIs
Sites of Special Scientific Interest.
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NNRs
National Nature Reserves.
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SPAs
Special Protection Areas.
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SACs
Special Areas of Conservation.
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MNRs
Marine Nature Reserves.
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RAMSAR Site
A wetland site designated to protect its biodiversity.
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International Whaling Commission
The IWC is an international organisation that aims to ensure the sustainable exploitation of whales.
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EU Common Fisheries Policy
The European Union agreement to manage fishing and agriculture. It attempts to balance the needs of the Member States and their fishing industries with sustainable exploitation of the environment.
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Inbreeding
Describes breeding between closely related individuals. Inbreeding increases the risk of recessive genes producing offspring with disadvantageous characteristics.
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Cryopreservation
The preservation of material by freezing, such as the freezing of ***** for artificial insemination.
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Artificial Insemination
A form of selective breeding where ***** is collected from a chosen male and is inserted artificially into the chosen female to cause her to become pregnant.
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Embryo Transfer
The transfer of fertilised eggs or embryos from a female of a rare species, into females of closely related more common species. This enables more young to be produced than could be achieved through normal breeding.
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Micro-propagation
A tissue culture method where large numbers of plants can be produced from a tissue sample from an original plant, without the need for seeds. The young plants may be raised on agar under sterile condition.
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RSPB
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.
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Environmental Stewardship Scheme (ESS)
An agri-environmental scheme where farmers receive payments for farm management practices that benefit wildlife and the environment. Higher payments are available for organic farms.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The study of causes of birth defects.

Back

Teratology

Card 3

Front

Species that are native to the area.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The total variety of different genes in all members of a population.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

An area of the world, identified by the Russian zoologist Nikolai Vavilov, where crop plants were first domesticated and where wild varieties are still found.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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