Topic 13: Social development (PS111 test 2)

  • Created by: Chookie
  • Created on: 17-03-17 12:17
How is attachment characterised?
By a tendency to seek and maintain closeness especially during times of stress
1 of 74
Is attachment a secure base from which to explore the world?
Yes
2 of 74
What year was Bowlby's attachment theory developed?
1969
3 of 74
According to Bowlby, why was "Mother love in infancy and childhood" important?
It is important for mental health
4 of 74
Were Bowlbys ideas influential in modern western culture?
Yes
5 of 74
What is one of the opposing ideas to Bowlby's attachment theory?
That "mother love" is not the only unqiue. What matters is that a small number of individuals give consistent care
6 of 74
What is the first stage of Bowlby's attachment theory?
Pre-attachment
7 of 74
What is the second stage of Bowlby's attachment theory?
Attachment-in-the-making
8 of 74
What is the 3rd stage of Bowlby's attachment theory?
Clear-cut attachment
9 of 74
What is the 4th stage of Bowlby's attachment theory?
Reciprocal relationships
10 of 74
At what age does pre-attachment exist?
Between birth- 6 weeks
11 of 74
At what age does Attachment-in-the-making exist?
Between 6 weeks to 6 months
12 of 74
At what age does Clear-cut attachment exist?
Between 1/2- 1 1/2 (one and a half) years.
13 of 74
At what age does Reciprocal relationships exist?
After 1 1/2 (one and a half) years
14 of 74
When did Ainsworth do the Strange Situation?
1973
15 of 74
What was the aim of Ainsworth's strange situation?
To assess attachment style in 1 to 2 year old infants
16 of 74
What is observed during Ainsworth's strange situation?
The reaction of an infant to her caregiver and a stranger
17 of 74
How many events are there in Ainsworth's strange situation?
8 events
18 of 74
What does the infant's behaviour reveal in Ainsworth's strange situation?
Their attachment style to their mother
19 of 74
What is step 1 in Ainsworth's strange situation?
Carer and infant introduced to room
20 of 74
What is step 2 in Ainsworth's strange situation?
Carer and infant play in room
21 of 74
What is step 3 in Ainsworth's strange situation?
Stranger enters room; talks to carer tries to play with infant
22 of 74
What is step 4 in Ainsworth's strange situation?
Carer leaves room. Stranger tries to play with infant
23 of 74
What is step 5 in Ainsworth's strange situation?
Carer returns. Stranger leaves
24 of 74
What is step 6 in Ainsworth's strange situation?
Carer leaves again
25 of 74
What is step 7 in Ainsworth's strange situation?
Stranger returns. Tries to comfort infant
26 of 74
What is step 8 in Ainsworth's strange situation?
Carer returns. Stranger leaves. Carer tries to comfort infant
27 of 74
What are the two styles of attachement?
Secure attachment, insecure attachment
28 of 74
What are the two types of insecure attachment?
Avoidant, Ambivalent
29 of 74
What is another name for Ambivalent attachment?
Resistant
30 of 74
How many infants are assessed as having a secure attachment?
2/3rd of infants
31 of 74
If you have a secure attachment at 1 years old, what favourable outcome could this cause at age 2?
Curiosity + problem solving
32 of 74
If you have a secure attachment at 1 years old, what favourable outcome could this cause at age 3?
Social confidence
33 of 74
If you have a secure attachment at 1 years old, what favourable outcome could this cause at age 5?
Independence and empathy
34 of 74
If you have a secure attachment at 1 years old, what favourable outcome could this cause at age 10?
Being rated highly on educational, emotional and social measures
35 of 74
Attachment style in childhood does not affect attachment style in adulthood
False (it does affect it)
36 of 74
If you have an Avoidant attachment, what is your romantic relationship likely to be like?
Independent, reject intimacy, superior
37 of 74
If you have an Ambivalent attachment, what is your romantic relationship likely to be like?
Needy, want intimacy, inferior
38 of 74
Who came up with the False Belief task?
Wimmer and Perner (1983)
39 of 74
What is Wimmer and Perner (1983)'s False Belief task?
A child is shown this scene. The teddy puts the ball in the box then leaves, the puppy moves the ball to the box, the teddy comes back. The child is asked where the teddy will look for the ball.
40 of 74
What is Autism?
A neurodevelopmental disorder
41 of 74
When does Autism emerge?
Early childhood
42 of 74
How many people does Autism effect?
1 in 100 individuals
43 of 74
What is the cause of Autism?
Unknown
44 of 74
What is the name of the thing we use to diagnose Autism?
The 'triad of impairments'
45 of 74
What are the three 'triad of impairments?
Difficulties with social interaction, language and communication, restricted and repetitive behaviours
46 of 74
Do Autistic children fail the false belief task?
Yes
47 of 74
Who found that Autistic children fail the false belief task?
Baron-Cohen et al. (1985)
48 of 74
Who suggested that autism isn't really a single disorder but instead many?
Ronald et al. (2006)
49 of 74
What is the emotion component of the psychology of morality?
Self = feelings of pride, guilt and shame others = feelings of condemnation, anger, disgust
50 of 74
What is the cognition component of the psychology of morality?
The reasoning that we use to evaluate our and others' behaviour as right or wrong
51 of 74
What is the behaviour component of the psychology of morality?
What we actually do
52 of 74
What is the traditional view of morality?
That it is about thinking and not feeling (cognition)
53 of 74
What type of theory is Piaget's theory on Morality?
Domain-general
54 of 74
According to Piaget what type of moral reasoning do you have under six years old?
None you are pre-moral
55 of 74
According to Piaget what type of moral reasoning do you have between 6 to 10 years old
Moral realism
56 of 74
According to Piaget what type of moral reasoning do you have after 10 years old
Moral relativism
57 of 74
What are Moral realism rules?
They are absolute and unchangeable
58 of 74
Who sets the rules with Moral realism?
Authority figures
59 of 74
What type of thinking does Moral realism centre around?
A single dimension = centred
60 of 74
With moral realism when making moral judgements you focus on intention and ignore action
False (you focus on actions and ignore intention)
61 of 74
According to Moral relativism rules are?
They can be changed through social agreement
62 of 74
What is the correct moral way of thinking? (Moral relativism or Moral realism)
Moral relativism (children need to learn this)
63 of 74
What type of thinking does Moral relativism revolve around?
Decentered thinking
64 of 74
With Moral relativism, formal operational thinking is.....
Abstract
65 of 74
According to Kohlberg what is pre-conventional reasoning?
Avoiding punishment and seeking your own reward
66 of 74
According to Kohlberg what is conventional reasoning?
Seeking society's approval and maintaining laws
67 of 74
According to Kohlberg what is post-conventional reasoning?
Using your individually constructed abstract moral principles
68 of 74
What are the two sub stages of the pre-conventional level in Kohlberg's theory of reasoning?
Obedience + punishment orientation, reward orientation
69 of 74
What are the two sub stages of the conventional level in Kohlberg's theory of reasoning?
Good boy/ nice girl orientation, social order maintaining morality
70 of 74
What are the two sub stages of the post-conventional level in Kohlberg's theory of reasoning?
Social contract vs individual right morality, morality of individual principles of conscience
71 of 74
Order the levels in Kohlberg's theory of reasoning in terms of abstract (least to most)
Pre-conventional, conventional, post-conventional
72 of 74
According to David Hume what does emotion do?
Drives
73 of 74
According to David Hume what does reason do?
Guides
74 of 74

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Is attachment a secure base from which to explore the world?

Back

Yes

Card 3

Front

What year was Bowlby's attachment theory developed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

According to Bowlby, why was "Mother love in infancy and childhood" important?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Were Bowlbys ideas influential in modern western culture?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Social development resources »