Topic 1 Evolution of Product Design

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Name four reasons why products have evolved
Materials, manufacturing, environment, social factors
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What was the issue with materials before the industrial revolution?
Only available materials from local resources that could be manufactured by hand
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How have developments in materials affected our standard of living?
Develop new products that improve our standard of living
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What was the impact of developing the steam engine?
Iron and steel production led to mass produced goods
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What changed with textiles during the industrial revolution?
Could be shipped abroad and produced in large quantities
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What else changed during the industrial revolution?
Building, transport and production of energy
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Coal, oil and gas was used to develop what?
Synthetic plastics
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What was widely used in household products by the second world war?
Bakelite
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What did the mass production of a wide range of plastics do for society?
Gave people a wide range of goods at an affordable price
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List three types of production that have improved product quality but reduced consumer costs
Just in time, CAD, CAM
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Give an example of how society has changed views on products
To wear a bikini in England used to be outrageous
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Why must designers keep changing colours and styles of products?
Products are seasonal and they must appeal to consumers
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Give an example of how political factors affected production
In the second world war, production was focused on arms and weaponry so only cost effective, utility items of furniture and clothes were made
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Name the 6 r's for how society is changing towards the environment
Reduce, re-use, recycle, repair, refuse, rethink
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What are the changing attitudes towards green products?
Consumers are willing to pay more and accept a change in quality for greener products
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Give an example of a green product
Organic food
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What is the government doing to help the environment?
Introducing laws to reduce carbon footprint of certain products
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What led to the development of streamlining cars and everyday objects?
The need for speed
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What did the growth of industry in the second world war provide?
Skilled engineers and designers
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What did young people fight against in the 1960s?
Traditional lifestyles and behaviour
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Give an example of a product that became hugely popular as youth culture
Mini skirt
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Who designed the mini skirt?
Mary Quant
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What were designers and artists influenced by in the 1960s/70s?
The British and American music industry and the Hippie Movement
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What sort of designs were a feature of the 1970s?
Futuristic
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What was there a growing demand for in the 1970s?
Automated products
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What helped automated products develop in the 1970s?
Them being featured in popular films and TV programmes
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What did designers do who didn't like simple modernist designs?
Used a variety of decorative finishes to make their products more aesthetically pleasing
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Who were the Memphis group?
A 1980s group of Italian designers
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What were the characteristics of Memphis products?
Used materials and colours to provide visual impact. Functionality of limited importance
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Post-modern designs were popular amongst who?
Young people
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What changed in the 1990s?
The designs of products became less important. Instead, the designers were significant
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What became important in products and packaging in the 1990s?
Celebrity image, promotion and packaging
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What is brand image?
What identifies the company who made the product and gives an impression of its qualities
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What has now happened to designers and brand labels?
Designers are now hidden behind brand labels
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Give an example of a company with a strong brand image
Alessi
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What has allowed the blobject to be developed?
CAM and CAD reduced designing constraints
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What are the features of blobjects?
Organic, colourful and free-flowing shapes
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How have computers allowed blobject designs?
Can create shapes and designs not easily done by hand
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Give examples of blobjects
Apple iMac, Citroen C1, Citroen C3, Gherkin building, Sage Gateshead music centre
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What is anthropomorphism?
Giving human characteristics to inanimate objects
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What does anthropomorphism do to products?
Creates a 'softer' and more aesthetically pleasing product
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Give two examples of products with anthropomorphism
Honda ASIMO robot, remote controls
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How do remote controls have anthropomorphism?
Place the buttons to form features of a human face
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What is a gizmo?
A small, multi-functional device
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Give an example of a gizmo
Microelectronics
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Why do gizmos have a short life?
Companies constantly compete by adding more features
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What is the effect of adding more features onto a gizmo?
Adds value and can make products more complex
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What have gizmos been used to develop?
PDAs and muti-functional electronic devices
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What is a smart material?
A material that responds to the environment it is in and changes in that environment
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Give an example of a smart material and what it is used for
Smart grease allows us to close a CD mechanism smoothly
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Give examples of new materials
Optical fibres, corn starch polymers and carbon fibre
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What are some uses of optical fibres?
Telecommunications, surgery, computers
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What is good about optical fibres?
Can transport light over 200km
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What do smart materials allow us to do?
Personalise products. Subtly improve their performance without making them more complex
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What do new materials allow us to do?
Improve their performance or miniaturise products
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the issue with materials before the industrial revolution?

Back

Only available materials from local resources that could be manufactured by hand

Card 3

Front

How have developments in materials affected our standard of living?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the impact of developing the steam engine?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What changed with textiles during the industrial revolution?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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