Topic 1 - Defining crime and deviance

  • Created by: E456
  • Created on: 07-04-17 10:35
crime
breaking the law
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deviance
behaviour that does not comply with a society’s norms and informal rules
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formal rules
rules that are set out formally, e.g. as laws or codes of conduct, and have official status
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informal rules
informal social rules and norms that are unwritten or taken for granted, e.g. regarding how to behaviour in a restaurant or other social setting
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Crown Prosecution Service
the government department responsible for prosecuting criminal cases investigated by the police in England and Wales
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agencies of social control
the organisations and groups in society that help to regulate and control our behaviour and actions
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formal social control
ontrol exercised by the institutions that make laws, enforce them or punish convicted law breakers, e.g. the police and the courts
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formal sanctions
measures taken by agencies of the state to prevent criminal behaviour, such as punishments imposed by courts, ranging from fines to imprisonment
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informal social control
social pressure from groups such as families, friends, peers or work colleagues who try to prevent deviant behaviour or encourage deviants to conform
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informal sanctions
positive or negative actions taken by groups such as families, friends, peers or work colleagues with the aim of encouraging conforming behaviour or preventing deviant behaviour
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apartheid system
a system of legal racial segregation enforced by the National Party government in South Africa between 1948 and early 1994
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

behaviour that does not comply with a society’s norms and informal rules

Back

deviance

Card 3

Front

rules that are set out formally, e.g. as laws or codes of conduct, and have official status

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

informal social rules and norms that are unwritten or taken for granted, e.g. regarding how to behaviour in a restaurant or other social setting

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the government department responsible for prosecuting criminal cases investigated by the police in England and Wales

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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